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6.14 Foreign and security policies: Maritime rights and interests
The National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and State Oceanic Administration (SOA) prepared this document, which makes maritime security cooperation central to the ‘Maritime Silk Road’ (MSR). The White Paper also lays out three distinct ‘passages’ for the MSR: the one commonly referred to via the Indian Ocean to Europe, the ‘China-Oceania-South Pacific’-passage, and an Arctic Ocean-passage again towards Europe.
2.9 The cadre system and public administration
First case of a demotion of high level official due to negligence of this duties. Li Chaoxing, head of the Tianjin Municipal Commission of Industry and Information Technology and NPC delegate, was removed from his post for not delivering on a key project of the provincial level city. The guidelines that define the criteria for cadre promotion and demotion were passed in 2015.
2.11.3 Courts and judges
On May 17, the General Office of the Central Committee of the CCP and the General Office of the State Council issued a document to urge all Party members to study law and practice according to law. The document followed Xi Jinping’s visit to China University of Politics and Law and his advocacy of governing the country according to law.
2.11.6 Criminal law and the penal system
On May27, Shandong High Court reviewed the controversial sentence in which a man was jailed for life after killing a loan shark who had sexually assaulted his mother. The case ignited public anger over police incompetence so that the Supreme People’s Procuratorate sent attorneys to Shandong to investigate the case.
6.7 Public budgets: The role of local-government financing platforms
Citing a need to effectively prevent and resolve credit risk, the CBRC released new guidelines for commercial banks’ management of collateral. The new guidelines aim at improving accountability and reducing liquidity risk.
With the intention of limiting capital flight, overseas investments by SOEs will be more closely inspected. On-site visits to confirm the validity of investments will be carried out both domestically and abroad.
2.7 Local governments at the county, township, and village levels
During a tour of Jiangxi Province, the head of the United Front Work Department of the CCP, Sun Chunlan, stressed the need for poverty reduction in China’s revolutionary base areas. Despite their historical importance to the CCP, many counties and villages in these areas are still impoverished. Lifting them out of poverty is important for China’s development goals until 2020.
2.8 Public finance
2.12 The military and politics
The unnamed vessel, launched on April 26, will become operational by 2020—seven years after development work has begun. The type 001A aircraft carrier will become China’s second; its first was based on a Soviet-build ship which China bought from Ukraine back in 1998. It is widely expected that China will construct additional aircraft carriers in the near future to cement its geostrategic ambitions.