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2.3.4 Central working organs and Leading Small Groups
The decision was made by the Political Bureau of the CCP Central Committee on January 22. Exploiting cutting-edge technologies, like artificial intelligence, robotics, big data and nanotechnology, is viewed by the Chinese leadership as crucial for modern warfare. The new commission is expected to facilitate the transfer of innovative developments from technology companies and national research institutes to the military.
2.11.6 Criminal law and the penal system
On December 2, the 2nd Circuit Tribunal of the SPC found Nie Shubin innocent, a man accused of murder and executed after the People’s High Court of Hebei sentenced him to death in 1995. This was an unprecedented ruling. However, the SPC failed to find him being tortured under detainment.
2.6 Special Administrative Regions: Hong Kong and Macau
Ying Xia. “Contesting Citizenship in Post-Handover Hong Kong.” Journal of Chinese Political Science. December 2016, Volume 21, Issue 4, pp 485–500.
2.10.2 The People’s Congresses
On November 7, 2016, the General Office of the Central Committee of the CCP issued its Pilot Plan of Reforms of the National Supervision System in Beijing, Shanxi and Zhejiang. In these cities and provinces, the people’s congresses will establish “supervision committees” and elect their key personnel, whose major functions and duties are to carry out the anti-corruption campaigns.
2.12 The military and politics
The central government announced steps to expand mixed ownership forms of state-owned enterprises. Tentative schemes for seven sectors will be introduced in approved pilot projects. Mixed-ownership reform has been identified as a major driver for improving management of state-owned enterprises by Liu He, deputy head of the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC).
2.6.2 Hong Kong’s political trajectory
On December 2, 2016, Hong Kong’s government lodged a judicial review against four pan-democratic lawmakers elected during the September 2016 Legislative Council (LegCo) elections. Two “localist” lawmakers were already excluded from the LegCo after their oaths were declared invalid due to deviation from protocol. The move comes amid concerns from Beijing that the Hong Kong government does not have Hong Kong’s pro-independence movement under control.
2.3.2 Party congresses and ballots
This has been specified by Central Committee guidelines released on December 7. The guidelines further confirm that a total of 2,300 delegates will be selected by forty electoral blocks. The number of candidates standing for election must exceed the number of elected delegates by at least 15 percent. Political loyalty is one of the most important selection criteria, according to the document. The Party Congress is expected to take place in October or November later this year.
2.9 The cadre system and public administration
Nearly 1.5 million candidates were accepted for the test. Eventually 984,000 took part in the test to compete for 27,061 open government positions. (see figure below)
2.10.1 Regulation and law-making
On November 7, the SCNPC adopted the interpretation of Article 104 of the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the PRC at its 24th session. This is an exclusive law-making activity through which the SCNPC may exert influence on the political development in Hong Kong. According to the interpretation, an invalid inauguration oath annuls one’s eligibility for taking office.