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China's Political System

韩博天/主编

Rowman & Littlefield 出版社 2016.12

       中国已经上升为国际政治中最重要的成员之一。要想理解中国崛起,必须对其政治体制进行详细研究。究竟中国的政治体制对经济转型起了多大作用?经济现代化和融入世界经济对中国政治体制带来何种变化?在当今经济、技术、社会和国际大环境不断变化的时代,这种体制是否具有适应能力?

        本书由墨卡托中国研究中心总裁韩博天主编和主笔,15位研究人员共同撰写,历时两年,参阅了大量的中文文献和国际上最新的中国研究成果,力图从不同角度阐析中国政治发展的前提、潜力和风险。

    本书电子版可以通过Rowman & Littlefield 出版社或亚马逊订购。

China's Political System cover
我们会持续更新本书的各章节:

2.3.4 Central working organs and Leading Small Groups

Xi Jinping heads a newly formed Central Commission for Integrated Military and Civilian Development

The decision was made by the Political Bureau of the CCP Central Committee on January 22. Exploiting cutting-edge technologies, like artificial intelligence, robotics, big data and nanotechnology, is viewed by the Chinese leadership as crucial for modern warfare. The new commission is expected to facilitate the transfer of innovative developments from technology companies and national research institutes to the military.

Source EN, Source CN

2.11.6 Criminal law and the penal system

SPC acknowledges wrong use of death penalty of Nie Shubin

On December 2, the 2nd Circuit Tribunal of the SPC found Nie Shubin innocent, a man accused of murder and executed after the People’s High Court of Hebei sentenced him to death in 1995. This was an unprecedented ruling. However, the SPC failed to find him being tortured under detainment. 

Source EN, Source CN

2.6 Special Administrative Regions: Hong Kong and Macau

New literature

Ying Xia. “Contesting Citizenship in Post-Handover Hong Kong.” Journal of Chinese Political Science. December 2016, Volume 21, Issue 4, pp 485–500.

2.10.2 The People’s Congresses

Pilot project of supervisory commissions

On December 25, the NPCSC issued a decision on the pilot project of reforms of the national supervision system starting in Beijing, Shanxi and Zhejiang. The purpose is to create a new supervision commission under the people’s congresses.

Source EN, Source CN

Pilot projects of establishing supervision committees under the people’s congresses in Beijing, Shanxi and Zhejiang

On November 7, 2016, the General Office of the Central Committee of the CCP issued its Pilot Plan of Reforms of the National Supervision System in Beijing, Shanxi and Zhejiang. In these cities and provinces, the people’s congresses will establish “supervision committees” and elect their key personnel, whose major functions and duties are to carry out the anti-corruption campaigns.

Source ENSource CN

2.12 The military and politics

Pilot projects for mixed-ownership reform of state-owned enterprises announced

The central government announced steps to expand mixed ownership forms of state-owned enterprises. Tentative schemes for seven sectors will be introduced in approved pilot projects. Mixed-ownership reform has been identified as a major driver for improving management of state-owned enterprises by Liu He, deputy head of the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC).

Source EN, Source CN

2.6.2 Hong Kong’s political trajectory

Legal challenges against four elected pan-democratic lawmakers

On December 2, 2016, Hong Kong’s government lodged a judicial review against four pan-democratic lawmakers elected during the September 2016 Legislative Council (LegCo) elections. Two “localist” lawmakers were already excluded from the LegCo after their oaths were declared invalid due to deviation from protocol. The move comes amid concerns from Beijing that the Hong Kong government does not have Hong Kong’s pro-independence movement under control.

Source EN, Source CN

2.3.2 Party congresses and ballots

The election of delegates for 19th Party Congress will be completed by the end of June 2017

This has been specified by Central Committee guidelines released on December 7. The guidelines further confirm that a total of 2,300 delegates will be selected by forty electoral blocks. The number of candidates standing for election must exceed the number of elected delegates by at least 15 percent. Political loyalty is one of the most important selection criteria, according to the document. The Party Congress is expected to take place in October or November later this year.

Source EN, Source CN

2.9 The cadre system and public administration

2017 National Civil Service Exam

Nearly 1.5 million candidates were accepted for the test. Eventually 984,000 took part in the test to compete for 27,061 open government positions. (see figure below)

Source CN

2.10.1 Regulation and law-making

Interpretation of Hong Kong’s Basic Law

On November 7, the SCNPC adopted the interpretation of Article 104 of the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the PRC at its 24th session. This is an exclusive law-making activity through which the SCNPC may exert influence on the political development in Hong Kong. According to the interpretation, an invalid inauguration oath annuls one’s eligibility for taking office.

Source ENSource CN

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