Rowman & Littlefield 出版社 2016.12
本书电子版可以通过Rowman & Littlefield 出版社或亚马逊订购。
2.11.7 Judicial reform
The State Council published China’s third National Human Rights Action Plan for the period of 2016-2020. The Chinese government promises to materialize a variety of basic human rights as prescribed by international human rights conventions and to cooperate with the United Nations in supervising the implementation.
2.12 The military and politics
The Washington-based Center for Strategic and International Studies published a new report on September 28 which analyzes different estimates of China’s defense spending. The study concludes that China’s increasing military budget is motivated by the perceived threat from the United States as well as by the country’s growing economic power and technological capabilities. The study argues that China is currently becoming “the premier military power in Asia.”
2.7.2 Village self-governance and village elections
On September 13, people protesting against the jail sentence against democratically elected village leader Lin Zuluan for corruption clashed with police. The violent confrontation took place after several protest organizers had been detained in the early morning of September 13. Wukan became famous after villagers expelled CCP officials in late 2011 and elected protest leader Lin Zuluan in 2012.
2.6.2 Hong Kong’s political trajectory
Candidates of several new “localist” parties founded in the aftermath of the 2014 “Umbrella Revolution”, including Youngspiration (founded in 2014) and Demosistō (founded in 2016), were voted into Hong Kong’s parliament. The elections saw a record voter turn-out of 58 percent. Other candidates perceived as too radical, such as Hong Kong Indigenous’ Edward Leung, were barred from running for office prior to the elections.
2.8 Public finance
The National Institution for Finance and Development (NIFD) of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences – one of the leading government think-tanks - referred to the rising debt levels in China as “poisonous”. According to a report issued by the NIFD the debt owed by governments, non-financial businesses and households reached 228 percent of GDP in 2015, an 11 percent increase compared to the fiscal year 2014.
2.5 Provincial- and municipal-level governments
Donaldson, John (ed.) (2016). Assessing the Balance of Power in Central-Local Relations in China. Routledge, 2016.
45 delegates to the National People’s Congress from the province of Liaoning were dismissed after they were found to have bribed their way into the NPC. In addition, 523 delegates of Liaoning Province’s People’s Congress stepped down after also being implicated in the massive vote-buying scandal.
1.2 How China is portrayed in Western media
On September 22, PEN America published a report titled “Dark screen. Constraints on foreign journalists in China”. One key finding was the increasing difficulty to assess expert sources willing to share information or opinion with foreign media due to fear of government reprisal.
2.9 The cadre system and public administration
The CCP issues document on preventing cadres from “being promoted while being ill (corrupt)” (关于防止干部“带病提拔”的意见). Accountability of cadres and their supervision receives major attention in Chinese media in August.
2.10.1 Regulation and law-making
The SCNPC reviewed a draft bill of the Act on the Protection of Marine Environment, which lifted the ban on a maximum limit of administrative sanction amounting to CNY 300,000. Instead, whoever causes serious marine pollution will pay a fine in terms of the actual direct losses/damages.