Rowman & Littlefield 出版社 2016.12
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1.5 Analytical approaches to Chinese politics
The publication analyzes leadership styles, structures and processes in “China’s Core Executive”. The report provides a balanced understanding of the rationale and the mechanisms that guide top-level decision-making and leadership in today’s China. This unique analytical focus on the core executive posits that shifting functions, interactions and resources of top-level (supra-ministerial) policy-makers and their supporting organizations help to explain systemic change in China.
2.10 Legislation, the People’s Congresses, and the Political Consultative Conferences
The NPC approved and enacted the NGO Act. The law represents a significant measure of imposing further political control of foreign NGOs in China, especially with regard to those activities that may arouse political concerns on the part of the Chinese government. Notably, the law places foreign NGOs under the obligation of registration at the public security departments above the provincial level. NGOs in China must also divulge their annual financial budgets and submit annual reports to the Chinese government.
The NPC will conduct a further campaign of promoting the dissemination of such basic concepts as the priority of the constitution, facilitating the study of fundamental laws and regulations, and enhancing the general consciousness about rule of law among the Chinese citizens.
The NPC approved and enacted the Charity Act. The law represents a significant reply to the widespread media exposure and public attention incurred by the incident of Guo Meimei (郭美美) who revealed the entrenched corruption of the China Red Cross and caused profound distrust in China’s state-oriented charity institutions.
Zhu Zhengfu, deputy chairman of the All-China Lawyers Association and a delegate to the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, criticized the recent spate of instances where people have appeared on state television to express their remorse for crimes they’re accused of. However, the interview with Zhu conducted by Caixin.com, a Chinese financial website, which revealed Zhu’s opinions, was censored during the Political Consultative Conference.
2.12 The military and politics
The party-state media announced on April 21 that Xi Jinping has been appointed Commander-in-Chief of the newly established Joint Operations Command (军委联合作战指挥中心). Xi wore a camouflage combat uniform and was surrounded by China’s highest-ranking generals during an inspection tour to the new facility. The official PLA report suggests that Xi, in times of crisis, would receive military reports from Joint Operations Command on the tactical level and be involved in military decision-making.
2.6.2 Hong Kong’s political trajectory
On April 10, members of the now disbanded group Scholarism around student leader Joshua Wong founded the new party Demosisto. One of the party’s goals is to push for a referendum by 2026 in which residents of Hong Kong will be allowed to vote on their political future after 2047, when the “One Country Two Systems” principle that protects Hong Kong’s unique political, economic, and legal system officially expires.
2.9 The cadre system and public administration
In March, 12 provincial level governments in China have issued new regulations on cadre management. The regulations provide the legal basis for the promotion and demotion of cadre. In July 2015, the CCP leadership had explicitly called for clear rules concerning cadre demotion.