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China's Political System

韩博天/主编

Rowman & Littlefield 出版社 2016.12

       中国已经上升为国际政治中最重要的成员之一。要想理解中国崛起,必须对其政治体制进行详细研究。究竟中国的政治体制对经济转型起了多大作用?经济现代化和融入世界经济对中国政治体制带来何种变化?在当今经济、技术、社会和国际大环境不断变化的时代,这种体制是否具有适应能力?

        本书由墨卡托中国研究中心总裁韩博天主编和主笔,15位研究人员共同撰写,历时两年,参阅了大量的中文文献和国际上最新的中国研究成果,力图从不同角度阐析中国政治发展的前提、潜力和风险。

    本书电子版可以通过Rowman & Littlefield 出版社或亚马逊订购。

China's Political System cover
我们会持续更新本书的各章节:

2.4.1 The State Council and its inner cabinet

New inner cabinet

After the re-election for a second five-year term by NPC, Premier Li Keqiang nominated four Vice-Premiers and five State Councilors to form the new inner cabinet with him. The NPC confirmed this nomination on March 19. The Vice-Premiers are Han Zheng (Executive Vice-Premier), Sun Chunlan, Hu Chunhua and Liu He. The State Councilors are Wei Fenghe (Minister of Defense), Wang Yong, Wang Yi (Minister of Foreign Affairs), Xiao Jie (Secretary General of the State Council) and Zhao Kezhi (Minister of Public Security). Each of them will be will be given a new portfolio due to the upcoming restructuring of State Council.

Source EN, Source CN, Source CN

New inner cabinet

After the re-election for a second five-year term by NPC, Premier Li Keqiang nominated four Vice-Premiers and five State Councilors to form the new inner cabinet with him. The NPC confirmed this nomination on March 19. The Vice-Premiers are Han Zheng (Executive Vice-Premier), Sun Chunlan, Hu Chunhua and Liu He. The State Councilors are Wei Fenghe (Minister of Defense), Wang Yong, Wang Yi (Minister of Foreign Affairs), Xiao Jie (Secretary General of the State Council) and Zhao Kezhi (Minister of Public Security). Each of them will be will be given a new portfolio due to the upcoming restructuring of State Council.

Source EN, Source CN, Source CN

New composition of outer cabinet

According to the restructuring program approved by the NPC on March 17, the new outer cabinet of the State Council consists of 26 ministries (see following table). The seven new ministries emerge through integrating similar functions previously scattered among different ministries, while the three restructured ministries extend their power by taking over duties from other bodies. Furthermore, ten new agencies subordinate to the state council, ministries and commissions will be set up (see table). With such restructuring the new State Council seeks to eliminate overlapping responsibilities among government agencies and creating a more effective regulatory architecture, which focus on economic adjustment, market regulation, social management, public service and environmental protection.

Source EN, Source CN, Source CN

Changes of the State Council after the National People’s Congress 2018

A more powerful Ministry of Justice

Most media overlooked two fundamental changes for the Ministry of Justice. The first one is that the former Legislative Affairs Office of the State Council is abolished. The offices’ responsibilities in terms of drafting laws and administrative regulations, coordinating legislative work and law enforcement, supervising affairs of administrative review are transferred to the Ministry of Justice. The second change is that the newly formed Central Commission for comprehensively “govern the country by law” (中央全面依法治国委员会), which is responsible for policy design of law-based governing on top level, will set up its office in the Ministry of Justice. Such institutional arrangements turn the Ministry of Justice into a main executive organ of the above-mentioned commission (see update 2.3.4).

Source EN, Source CN, Source CN

4.6 The role of government in the banking and financial systems

Banking and insurance regulators merge

The CBRC and the CIRC merged to become the CBIRC, the banking and insurance regulatory commission. The new regulator will be headed by Guo Shuqing, who is also the party secretary in the PBOC.

Source EN

Yi Gang was made governor of the PBOC

The previous governor of the PBOC, Zhou Xiaochuan stepped down after many years of service. He was replaced by his deputy Yi Gang.

Source EN

2.3.4 Central working organs and Leading Small Groups

Four Leading Small Groups renamed “Commissions” (委员会)

According to the decision taken by the CCP Central Committee in the second plenum ahead of the NPC, the former Leading Small Groups for Comprehensively Deepening of Reforms, for Cybersecurity and Informatization, for Finance and Economy and for Foreign Affairs are renamed “commissions.” Their shared responsibilities include overall policy design (so called “top-level design”), decision-making, coordination and supervision of the implementation. All these four commissions are chaired by Xi Jinping, while the other members of Politburo Standing Committee serve as his deputy.

Source CN, Source CN

Central Organization Department of CCP directly manages civil service

Due to the current restructuring main parts of personnel and organizational management falls under the responsibilities of the Central Organization Department, including the Office of Central Institutional Organization Commission, which is responsible for institutional planning, as well as State Administration for Civil Service, which is responsible for the examination, recruitment, evaluation and salary of public-sector employees. After merge, the State Administration for Civil Service – previously subordinated by the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security will be abolished.

Source CN, Source CN

2.12 The military and politics

Coast Guard placed under the authority of the PAP

As part of the restructuring of state organizations announced during this year’s National People’s Congress, on March 21 Beijing announced that the Chinese Coast Guard will now be under the administration of the People’s Armed Police, which is, in turn, under the command of the Central Military Commission. Previously, the Coast Guard was controlled by the State Council’s State Oceanic Administration.

Source EN, Source CN

6.16 Internet security: National IT independence and China’s cyber policy

Leading Small Group for Cybersecurity and Informatization upgraded to Commission

As part of the restructuring of China’s state institutions announced during the National’s People’s Congress, four of the CCP’s leading small groups – including the one of cybersecurity and informatization – will be upgraded to commissions. This will further expand their power and will institutionalize their authority over state organs. The new commission is often called the Central Cyberspace Affairs Commission and is headed by Xi Jinping himself. The Cyberspace Administration of China reports to the commission.

Source EN, Source CN

Editor and principal author

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