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6.8 Infrastructure policy and the high-speed rail network
At the end of November, China’s railway authorities report that Chinese companies are involved in more than 20 railway projects overseas, with a total investment of over 100 billion RMB. All projects are said to be linked to the Belt and Road Initiative with the aim to promote cooperation along the new Silk Road.
Part of the Shanghai-Kunming high-speed railway line in Guizhou has been exposed in November for having bad tunnel design and construction leading to severe water leakage. As a result, trains had to reduce their speed to as low as 70 kilometers per hour, instead of the usual speed of 300 km, to ensure safe operation.
6.15 Urbanization policy: Experimental urban concepts
6.16 Internet security: National IT independence and China’s cyber policy
6.18 Mega-projects: China’s South-to-North Water Transfer Project
The head of the State Council South-to-North Water Diversion Project Construction Commission chaired a meeting of the commission in Beijing. Wang Yang, vice head of the commission, emphasized water quality and environmental protection.
1.2 How China is portrayed in Western media
On October 25, Chinese officials denied journalists of the BBC, the Financial Times, the Economist, the New York Times and the Guardian access to a statement by party-state leader Xi Jinping introducing the new Politburo to the press at the end of the 19th party congress of the CCP. No formal explanation has been given.
1.4 Utilizing information and data from China
The National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) announced that it will expand its activities to calculating regional economic development. In a reform of national and regional economic accounting, the provincial statistics bureaus will work under the direct supervision of the NBS. It is another effort of the government to improve data accuracy within China’s economy.
2.11.1 Party control over the judicial and police systems
On October 18, Xi Jinping delivered his working report to the 19th Party Congress and declared the plan to establish a “Leading Small Group of Governing the Country by Law”. This would be the highest decision-making institution that takes on the leading role in carrying out China’s strategy of “governing the country by law”.
2.12 The military and politics
While delivering his work report to the CCP’s 19th Party Congress on October 18, Xi outlined the path forward for the PLA. Within three years, the armed forces will make significant progress towards mechanization and informatization, and they will complete the process of modernization by 2035. Xi also expects the PLA to be a “world-class force” by 2050.
On October 25, after the 19th Party Congress, the CCP announced the new line-up of the Central Military Commission (CMC). The CMC will now be led by seven members – Xi as the chairman, two vice-chairmen and four other members – down from the previous 11 members. The commanders of the PLA’s military services, as well as the directors of the Logistic Support Department and the Equipment Development Department will no longer be part of the CMC leadership. And, for the first time, the chief of the CMC’s Discipline Inspection Commission will be a member.