MERICS China's Political System header


China's Political System


Rowman & Littlefield 出版社 2016.12



    本书电子版可以通过Rowman & Littlefield 出版社或亚马逊订购。

China's Political System cover

6.8 Infrastructure policy and the high-speed rail network

Shanghai-Kunming high-speed railway line cause for safety concerns after less than a year of operation

Part of the Shanghai-Kunming high-speed railway line in Guizhou has been exposed in November for having bad tunnel design and construction leading to severe water leakage. As a result, trains had to reduce their speed to as low as 70 kilometers per hour, instead of the usual speed of 300 km, to ensure safe operation.

Source ENSource CN

New Silk Road cargo train connection between Nordic countries and China opens

In November 2017, a new cargo railway line was opened connecting Kouvola, Finland and Xi’an, China. It now takes 17 days to cover the 9,000 km distance which is 30 days less than shipment times. This railway link marks the integration of Nordic countries in the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative.

Source ENSource CN

6.15 Urbanization policy: Experimental urban concepts

China compiles environmental protection plan for Xiongan

The Ministry of Environmental Protection has finished compiling an environmental protection plan for the Xiongan New Area. The central government has earmarked 500 million RMB for measures turning it into a sustainable green zone.

Source EN, Source CN

6.16 Internet security: National IT independence and China’s cyber policy

Former head of the Cyberspace Administration of China (CAC) under investigation

On November 21, the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI) released a statement saying that Lu Wei, former head of the CAC, is under investigation for “serious violations of Party discipline”. Lu Wei retired from his position as head of the CAC in June 2016.

Source EN, Source CN

6.18 Mega-projects: China’s South-to-North Water Transfer Project

Vice Premier Zhang Gaoli demands more benefits from SNWTP

The head of the State Council South-to-North Water Diversion Project Construction Commission chaired a meeting of the commission in Beijing. Wang Yang, vice head of the commission, emphasized water quality and environmental protection.

1.2 How China is portrayed in Western media

Major Western media organizations blocked from Xi revealing new Politburo

On October 25, Chinese officials denied journalists of the BBC, the Financial Times, the Economist, the New York Times and the Guardian access to a statement by party-state leader Xi Jinping introducing the new Politburo to the press at the end of the 19th party congress of the CCP. No formal explanation has been given.

Source EN

1.4 Utilizing information and data from China

National Bureau of Statistics extends oversight over regional data collection by 2019

The National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) announced that it will expand its activities to calculating regional economic development. In a reform of national and regional economic accounting, the provincial statistics bureaus will work under the direct supervision of the NBS. It is another effort of the government to improve data accuracy within China’s economy.

Source EN, Source CN

2.11.1 Party control over the judicial and police systems

CCP establishes Leading Small Group of Governing the Country by Law

On October 18, Xi Jinping delivered his working report to the 19th Party Congress and declared the plan to establish a “Leading Small Group of Governing the Country by Law”. This would be the highest decision-making institution that takes on the leading role in carrying out China’s strategy of “governing the country by law”.

Source EN, Source CN

2.12 The military and politics

Xi unveils new vision for the PLA during Party Congress

While delivering his work report to the CCP’s 19th Party Congress on October 18, Xi outlined the path forward for the PLA. Within three years, the armed forces will make significant progress towards mechanization and informatization, and they will complete the process of modernization by 2035. Xi also expects the PLA to be a “world-class force” by 2050.

Source EN, Source CN

Central Military Commission reform

On October 25, after the 19th Party Congress, the CCP announced the new line-up of the Central Military Commission (CMC). The CMC will now be led by seven members – Xi as the chairman, two vice-chairmen and four other members – down from the previous 11 members. The commanders of the PLA’s military services, as well as the directors of the Logistic Support Department and the Equipment Development Department will no longer be part of the CMC leadership. And, for the first time, the chief of the CMC’s Discipline Inspection Commission will be a member.

Source EN, Source CN


Editor and principal author