Rowman & Littlefield 出版社 2016.12
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4.4 The political initiation and implementation of economic reform
During the 19thParty Congress Xi Jinping declared China was entering a new era. The term reflects strengthening self-confidence it’s the country’s ability. This includes its economic ambitions to establish a strong, innovative and globally leading economy. In line with the ambition was the CCP’s declared goal of establishing a moderately prosperous society under socialism with Chinese characteristics.
4.6 The role of government in the banking and financial systems
Banks who meet certain requirements will have their reserve requirement cut from 20 to 15 percent. In reality almost all banks qualify.
In order to cap the yuan’s strength, the central bank lifted the reserve requirements on currency trades.
Outbound investment into gambling and entertainment industries will be banned, property investments restricted, while investment related to the Belt and Road Initiative will be encouraged. At the same time foreign direct investment into the country will be encouraged.
The underwriting business was previously almost completely dominated by state owned enterprises.
The State Council announced they have taken several measures to make banks’ lending to SMEs cheaper. Interest derived from loans to SMEs will be VAT free until 2019, loans to SMEs will be subject to lower tax and banks that lend to SMEs will be subject to lower reserve requirements.
5.6 The media and public opinion
On October 30, 2017, China’s top cyberspace regulator published new regulations mandating a security assessment for new technology-based information products or applications, screening them, among others, for their potential to shape public opinion and mobilize the population. The regulations came into effect on December 1, 2017.
6.11 Environmental policy: Curtailing urban air pollution
Xi Jinping announced new regulatory agencies to manage state-owned natural resources. Besides that, the CCP charter puts more emphasis on environmental protection: “raise awareness that lucid waters and lush mountains are invaluable assets” was added to it.