Die chinesische Regierung ist zu einem der wichtigsten Akteure in der internationalen Politik aufgestiegen. Ohne eine sorgfältige Analyse des politischen Systems ist ein fundiertes Verständnis des Aufstiegs der Volksrepublik China nicht möglich. Welchen Anteil haben politisches System und Staatstätigkeit an der wirtschaftlichen Transformation Chinas? Welche Konsequenzen haben wirtschaftliche Modernisierung und weltwirtschaftliche Integration für das politische System? Ist Chinas politisches System fähig, sich veränderten ökonomischen, technologischen, gesellschaftlichen und internationalen Bedingungen anzupassen?
Dieses Buch soll zu einem differenzierten Verständnis der Voraussetzungen, Potenziale und Risiken der politischen Entwicklung in China beitragen. Es basiert auf einer umfassenden Auswertung chinesischer Quellen und auf dem neuesten Stand der internationalen Chinaforschung. Das Buch ist jetzt auch in englischer Übersetzung beim Verlag Rowman & Littlefield Publishers erschienen.
Updates zu "Das politische System der Volksrepublik China"
Wir aktualisieren kontinuierlich sämtliche Kapitel. Über einen Suchbegriff oder nach den Kapiteln des Buches, können sie die englische Ausgabe, China's Political System, nach Updates durchsuchen.
1.2 How China is portrayed in Western media
Chinese party-state media is increasingly using Western online platforms (e.g. YouTube or Twitter) to present an official view on Chinese affairs to an international audience. Latest examples include videos presented by China Daily in which an US-American dad explains the benefits of the “Belt and Road initiative” to his daughter and a German young professional explaining the progress of China and his admiration and love for the country.
1.4 Utilizing information and data from China
In an ongoing effort to improve the reliability official statistical data China revised regulations of its Law of Statistics. Signed by Premier Li Keqiang the new regulations took effect in August. The new regulations establish standards for designing and carrying out surveys. Penalties for falsification and manipulating survey data aim to act as an deterrent and should improve data quality.
4.5 Government involvement in the Chinese economy
The CCP has increased efforts to strengthen its position within companies. Following establishing CCP committees into corporate governance in state enterprises listed in the Hong Kong Stock Exchange, the Party building efforts have been expanded into the private sector. The efforts have expanded in tech companies as well as foreign owned companies including joint-ventures.
Governments in first tier cities Beijing und Guangzhou issued draft polices at the end of August to grant children of migrant workers who rent flats access to local schools. Previously, only home-owners would be eligible. The governments have yet to specify criteria that would make applicants qualify. These measures are also taken to cool down real estate prices.
5.3 Rural society
A campaign to tear down improvised buildings in Beijing’s outskirts led to an abrupt end of the education of thousands of migrant workers’ children. During the municipal government’s crackdown on impoverished towns in the city’s periphery, many schools for migrant children face demolition because they are run illegally or operate in illegal constructed buildings.
5.6.3 Media control and “guidance” of public opinion
On August 18, renowned journal The China Quarterly published a letter from Cambridge University Press (CUP) in which the publisher admitted to having censored a list of articles following a request made by Chinese authorities. The articles in question, which appear to have been compiled based on a list of title key words (including “Tibet,” “Xinjiang,” and “Cultural Revolution,” among others), were still available elsewhere, but CUP blocked access on platforms in China. On August 21, after protest from academics, CUP reversed course and announced it would make all its articles accessible in China again.
According to China’s cyber administration (CAC) from October 1, all IT and tech companies will have to verify the identities of all registered users before they can comment anything on their platforms. Similar plans have been issued before, but this one aims at enforcing it, probably also due to the upcoming 19th party congress. China’s IT companies have been under scrutiny for violations of user regulations.
6.7 Public budgets: The role of local-government financing platforms
Entry barriers are to be reduced, supportive tax policies are to be introduced, investment environment in national development zones is to be improved, and visas for foreign workers are to be facilitated.
The commissions are reviewing overseas deals in minute details. Firms engaged in ODI must provide clear motivations of purchases.
6.11 Environmental policy: Curtailing urban air pollution
“Implementation of Pollution Control Targets in China: Has a Centralized Enforcement Approach Worked?”: Zhang Xuehua finds that the national pollution reduction target system established in 2007 has reduced the overreporting problem with emission data, enhanced local monitoring and enforcement capacity. To some degree, the more frequent inspections, deterred violations. However, verification remains highly resource intensive, involves little external oversight and public participation.