Die chinesische Regierung ist zu einem der wichtigsten Akteure in der internationalen Politik aufgestiegen. Ohne eine sorgfältige Analyse des politischen Systems ist ein fundiertes Verständnis des Aufstiegs der Volksrepublik China nicht möglich. Welchen Anteil haben politisches System und Staatstätigkeit an der wirtschaftlichen Transformation Chinas? Welche Konsequenzen haben wirtschaftliche Modernisierung und weltwirtschaftliche Integration für das politische System? Ist Chinas politisches System fähig, sich veränderten ökonomischen, technologischen, gesellschaftlichen und internationalen Bedingungen anzupassen?
Dieses Buch soll zu einem differenzierten Verständnis der Voraussetzungen, Potenziale und Risiken der politischen Entwicklung in China beitragen. Es basiert auf einer umfassenden Auswertung chinesischer Quellen und auf dem neuesten Stand der internationalen Chinaforschung. Das Buch ist jetzt auch in englischer Übersetzung beim Verlag Rowman & Littlefield Publishers erschienen.
Updates zu "Das politische System der Volksrepublik China"
Wir aktualisieren kontinuierlich sämtliche Kapitel. Über einen Suchbegriff oder nach den Kapiteln des Buches, können sie die englische Ausgabe, China's Political System, nach Updates durchsuchen.
2.8 Public finance
In March, the Ministry of Finance presented the budget report for 2016 and the draft for central and local budgets for the fiscal year 2017 at the annual NPC plenary session.
In 2016, the central government raised the ceiling for local government debt by 1.18 trillion CNY. Local government bonds issued to replace outstanding debt reached another record high of 4.9 trillion CNY. The value of such bonds issued over the past two years totaled 8.1 trillion CNY.
In 2017, central government transfer payments to local governments are projected to amount to 5.65 trillion CNY, up 7 percent over 2016. Additional funding is supposed to contribute to equalizing access to basic public services, financial subsidies to poor regions, and investments in helping local governments further strengthen areas of weakness.
At the same occasion, the ministry presented a number of clues for the direction of tax reform in 2017. First of all, the trials to replace business tax with value added tax (VAT) will be expanded to all sectors. Furthermore, the government plans to develop resource taxes, piloting with water resource tax in more areas. Furthermore, they prepare the drafts of the tobacco leaf tax law, the tonnage tax law, and the tax law on farmland used for non-agricultural purposes.
2.12 The military and politics
The unnamed vessel, launched on April 26, will become operational by 2020—seven years after development work has begun. The type 001A aircraft carrier will become China’s second; its first was based on a Soviet-build ship which China bought from Ukraine back in 1998. It is widely expected that China will construct additional aircraft carriers in the near future to cement its geostrategic ambitions.
6.7 Public budgets: The role of local-government financing platforms
In the State Council’s guidelines for economic reform in 2017 leverage ratios of firms were asked to be reduced. The request is related to China’s ongoing attempt to reduce economy-wide leverage.
2.5 Provincial- and municipal-level governments
The plans were announced on April 1 as part of the overall regional integration of Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei (京津冀). The New Area will span the three counties of Xiongxian, Rongcheng, and Anxin in Hebei. Among other things, it will serve as an experiment for sustainable urban development.
1.4 Utilizing information and data from China
Following a string of events questioning official Chinese economic data, the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) has announced the establishment of a team to improve reliability of official data. The development has been complemented by increased efforts by the NBS to reform the rules and regulations for collecting statistics for the central government.
2.10.1 Regulation and law-making
2.6 Special Administrative Regions: Hong Kong and Macau
On March 26, Beijing-backed candidate Carrie Lam was selected by a 1,200-person election committee to become Hong Kong’s new Chief Executive. She received 777 votes. Her main opponent, former finance secretary John Tsang, received only 365 votes. Lam was widely expected to win the race.
2.6.1 Hong Kong’s economic role
Among others, the plans for the enlarged Greater Pearl River Delta Region include infrastructure projects as well as common market standards. Closer integration is supposed to mitigate rivalry between Hong Kong and southern metropolises such as Guangzhou on the one hand while tying the two SARs closer to the mainland on the other.