On the basis of a unique transaction dataset, the authors Thilo Hanemann and Mikko Huotari analyze the newest trends of Chinese direct investment in Germany and the EU. The study „Chinese Foreign Direct Investment“ that was first published in 2015 is updated on a regular basis. It highlights the chances and risks the new wave of Chinese investments offers for Germany and Europe in a period of economic transition. China is not just any investor: Its economic model and the hybrid character of many Chinese companies as well as the speed and scope of investment flows pose a great number of challenges. The authors make concrete recommendations for German and European decision-makers from politics and business.