China and the SCO: Turkey looks East for security cooperation alternatives

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Turkey’s shift from a parliamentary democracy to one-man rule Turkey’s weighs heavily on the country’s relations with the West. During the diplomatic standoff with EU member states over AK Party (AKP) campaigning in Europe in the run-up to the April constitutional referendum, Turkey’s Foreign Minister Mevlüt Cavusoglu openly threatened a strategic realignment: “If Europe keeps this up, they will lose many places, including Russia and us.”