MERICS China's Political System header


In China, state organs like the State Council, the National People’s Congress (NPC) as well as authorities on provincial, regional, county or municipal level are officially empowered to build and propose bills in the legislative process. However, in the current political system, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) assumes a defining role in all state affairs. This crucial position encompasses the lawmaking process: the CCP sets the norms before important laws are passed. It also defines core principles for subsequent lawmaking. Policy documents, which are regularly published by the party, provide insights into its strategic intentions for law and policy making.

In this digest, MERICS researcher George G. Chen takes a closer look at relevant CCP documents. His summaries and analyses explain what’s in the making in China’s power center that is the CCP.