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The Chinese government is one of the most important actors in international affairs today. China’s global economic and diplomatic presence is challenging the earlier dominance by the Western powers. To thoroughly understand how the People’s Republic of China (PRC) has grown in power requires a careful analysis of its political system. What contribution has the political system and government activity made in respect to China’s economic transformation? What consequences will the economic modernisation and world-economic integration have on the political system? Is the political system able to adapt to changing economic, technological, and international conditions? Which potentials and risks will shape the mid-term development of the political system?

The book offers a differentiated understanding of the conditions, potentials and risks of the political development in China. It is based on a comprehensive of analysis of Chinese resources and gives readers the most current overview of international China research.

"China's political system" published by Rowman & Littlefield Publishers is available on Amazon.

The German version of the book is available in bookshops or online at:

AmazonThaliaBücher.deWeltbild, Springer

China's Political System cover

Updates on China's Political System

We constantly update all chapters. You can browse all updates on China's Political System by key word or chapter of the book. 

2.10 Legislation, the People’s Congresses, and the Political Consultative Conferences

Approval of the 2015 final account of the central government

The 21st session of the NPC Standing Committee heard and approved revisions the 2015 final account of the Central Government submitted by the State Council. This is the sixth year since the Central Government first published its annual final account.

Source CN

Second draft of the Cyber Security Act

The 21st session of the NPC Standing Committee discussed three new legal bills including the drafts of the General Principles of Civil Law, the second draft of the Cyber Security Act, and the draft of the Red Cross Act. The bills were uploaded online for soliciting public comments.

Source EN, Source CN

2.11.1 Party control over the judicial and police systems

Protection of judicial staff

The General Office of the Central Committee of the CCP and the General Office of the State Council issued rules that aim to ensure the achievement of high efficiency of the judicial system and protection of judges by highlighting their personal safety, proprietary interests, independence from administrative interference, immunity from external influence such as petitioning visits or any other administrative chores that are not related to their professional activities.

Source EN, Source CN

2.11.2 The police

Millions of policemen trained to deal with public media

The Ministry of Public Security trained policemen all over the country through television meeting, advocating them to get used to work under the supervision of the public and social media. Numerous clashes between the policemen and ordinary people led the CCP leadership to consider improving the harsh manner of Chinese policemen in law enforcement.

Source CN

2.11.3 Courts and judges

White Paper on Trials Relating to Environmental Resources

The Supreme People’s Court issued a White Paper on Trials Relating to Environmental Resources, releasing a variety of statistics concerning the specific tribunals, judges, trials, and rules concerning environment protection.

Source CN

2.11.4 Public prosecutors

Public interest litigations

Public prosecutors around the country have detected more than 1,900 clues to potential litigations of public interests since the NPC authorized the Supreme People’s Procuratorate to develop pilot projects of defending public interests in July 2015. A major purpose of these projects is to protect the deteriorating ecology and natural resources.

Source CN

2.11.7 Judicial reform

Semi-annual statistics concerning judicial reforms

The Supreme People’s Court released semi-annual statistics concerning judicial reforms in 2016. Courts all over the country have received a total of 10.029 million cases, marking a rise of 18.94 percent than in 2015. 8.038 million cases have been closed, attaining an increase of 25.42 percent if compared with the same period of last year.

Source CN

2.7.2 Village self-governance and village elections

Elected head of Wukan village arrested and charged with graft

Lin Zuluan had been elected in 2012 after he had emerged as a mediator during prolonged protests in Wukan in that culminated in the expulsion of CCP officials in December 2011. Lin was detained on June 18 and formally charged on July 21. His arrest has been met with protests by villagers.

Source EN, Source CN

2.8 Public finance

The interest of private investors in Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) lags behind government expectations

In July, the State Council dedicates an executive meeting how to incentivize private investment and providing a better, unified legal environment for the operation of PPPs in China.

Source EN

2.6 Special Administrative Regions: Hong Kong and Macau

Candidates excluded from 2016 Legislative Council elections after controversial new requirements

Hong Kong’s Electoral Affairs Commission has asked candidates running in the September 2016 LegCo elections to sign a declaration affirming individual paragraphs of Hong Kong’s Basic Law stressing Hong Kong’s link to the mainland. The move is seen as an attempt to exclude pro-independence candidates from the ballots. In the past, candidates were already required to declare their support of the Basic Law as a whole, so many candidates in the pan-democrat camp have decried the new declaration as illegitimate and have refused to sign it. As of the end of July, two pro-independence candidates have been excluded from running in the election.

Source ENSource CN

Editor and principal author