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The Chinese government is one of the most important actors in international affairs today. China’s global economic and diplomatic presence is challenging the earlier dominance by the Western powers. To thoroughly understand how the People’s Republic of China (PRC) has grown in power requires a careful analysis of its political system. What contribution has the political system and government activity made in respect to China’s economic transformation? What consequences will the economic modernisation and world-economic integration have on the political system? Is the political system able to adapt to changing economic, technological, and international conditions? Which potentials and risks will shape the mid-term development of the political system?

The book offers a differentiated understanding of the conditions, potentials and risks of the political development in China. It is based on a comprehensive of analysis of Chinese resources and gives readers the most current overview of international China research.

"China's political system" published by Rowman & Littlefield Publishers is available on Amazon.

The German version of the book is available in bookshops or online at:

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China's Political System cover

Updates on China's Political System

We have updated all chapters until May 2018. You can browse all updates on China's Political System by key word or chapter of the book. 

2.11.5 Attorneys

Human rights lawyers sentenced for subversion

Zhou Shifeng and Zhai Yanmin, two famous human rights lawyers in China, were sentenced to jail for 7 and 3 years respectively for subverting the government. They both represented many cases against the government.

Source ENSource CNSource EN, Source CN

2.11.6 Criminal law and the penal system

Pilot project of confession of crimes

Zhou Qiang, President of the Supreme People’s Court, delivered a report to the SCNPC concerning pilot projects of meting out mitigated sanctions based on an act of confession of crimes in 18 major cities of the country.

Source CN

2.8 Public finance

Finance Minister Lou Jiwei presents budget data of first half of fiscal year 2016

13 percent increase in spending on public services.

Source CN, Source CN

The Chinese State Council presents multi-annual plan for fiscal reform

Aim to streamline central, local government spending responsibilities.

Source CN (full text of the document), Source EN, Source CN (infographic)

2.6.1 Hong Kong’s economic role

State Council approves Hong Kong Shenzhen Stock Connect

The Stock Connect, which will allow selected Shenzhen-listed stocks to be listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange, is expected to be launched before the end of 2016. It is the second direct link after the Shanghai-Hong Kong Stock Connect was launched in November 2014.

Source EN, Source CN

2.1.2 Ideology and legitimation in transition

New regulation issued August 29 by China’s State Administration of Press and Publication, Radio, Film and Television (SAPPRFT) bans “Western lifestyle” in entertainment news

In addition, the regulations ban anything that satirizes Chinese values or traditional culture. The regulations should be understood as part of the CCP’s attempt to limit the impact of what it considers “Western values” and promote alternative “Chinese values”.

Source EN, Source CN

2.3.1 Party organization and party membership

Plan to reorganize the Communist Youth League (CYL)

The plan, as laid out in the state news media, demands not only to shrink the CYL’s central leadership and downsize the bureaucracies. It also urges the CYL to return to its mission to mobilize the young Chinese at the grassroots level and to guide their ideological development. In the last years the CYL has repeatedly come under fire over corruption scandals, bureaucracy, and inefficiency. In an inspection report within the party the CYL has been criticized as too “aristocratic” and “recreational”.

2.10 Legislation, the People’s Congresses, and the Political Consultative Conferences

New environmental legislation

The 21st session of the NPC Standing Committee promulgated revisions of six legal statutes including the Act on Saving Energies, the Act of Water, and the Act of Evaluating Environmental Impacts.

Source CN

Approval of the 2015 final account of the central government

The 21st session of the NPC Standing Committee heard and approved revisions the 2015 final account of the Central Government submitted by the State Council. This is the sixth year since the Central Government first published its annual final account.

Source CN

2.11.1 Party control over the judicial and police systems

Protection of judicial staff

The General Office of the Central Committee of the CCP and the General Office of the State Council issued rules that aim to ensure the achievement of high efficiency of the judicial system and protection of judges by highlighting their personal safety, proprietary interests, independence from administrative interference, immunity from external influence such as petitioning visits or any other administrative chores that are not related to their professional activities.

Source EN, Source CN

Editor and principal author

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