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The Chinese government is one of the most important actors in international affairs today. China’s global economic and diplomatic presence is challenging the earlier dominance by the Western powers. To thoroughly understand how the People’s Republic of China (PRC) has grown in power requires a careful analysis of its political system. What contribution has the political system and government activity made in respect to China’s economic transformation? What consequences will the economic modernisation and world-economic integration have on the political system? Is the political system able to adapt to changing economic, technological, and international conditions? Which potentials and risks will shape the mid-term development of the political system?

The book offers a differentiated understanding of the conditions, potentials and risks of the political development in China. It is based on a comprehensive of analysis of Chinese resources and gives readers the most current overview of international China research.

"China's political system" published by Rowman & Littlefield Publishers is available on Amazon.

The German version of the book is available in bookshops or online at:

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China's Political System cover

Updates on China's Political System

We have updated all chapters until May 2018. You can browse all updates on China's Political System by key word or chapter of the book. 

2.11.2 The police

Millions of policemen trained to deal with public media

The Ministry of Public Security trained policemen all over the country through television meeting, advocating them to get used to work under the supervision of the public and social media. Numerous clashes between the policemen and ordinary people led the CCP leadership to consider improving the harsh manner of Chinese policemen in law enforcement.

Source CN

Policemen relating to the death of Lei Yang being arrested

Following the controversial death of Lei Yang in custody, public prosecutors started to investigate high-ranking police officers and arrested policemen involved in the incident after the autopsy was completed.

Source EN, Source CN

2.11.3 Courts and judges

White Paper on Trials Relating to Environmental Resources

The Supreme People’s Court issued a White Paper on Trials Relating to Environmental Resources, releasing a variety of statistics concerning the specific tribunals, judges, trials, and rules concerning environment protection.

Source CN

2.11.4 Public prosecutors

Public interest litigations

Public prosecutors around the country have detected more than 1,900 clues to potential litigations of public interests since the NPC authorized the Supreme People’s Procuratorate to develop pilot projects of defending public interests in July 2015. A major purpose of these projects is to protect the deteriorating ecology and natural resources.

Source CN

2.11.7 Judicial reform

Semi-annual statistics concerning judicial reforms

The Supreme People’s Court released semi-annual statistics concerning judicial reforms in 2016. Courts all over the country have received a total of 10.029 million cases, marking a rise of 18.94 percent than in 2015. 8.038 million cases have been closed, attaining an increase of 25.42 percent if compared with the same period of last year.

Source CN

2.7.2 Village self-governance and village elections

Elected head of Wukan village arrested and charged with graft

Lin Zuluan had been elected in 2012 after he had emerged as a mediator during prolonged protests in Wukan in that culminated in the expulsion of CCP officials in December 2011. Lin was detained on June 18 and formally charged on July 21. His arrest has been met with protests by villagers.

Source EN, Source CN

2.8 Public finance

The interest of private investors in Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) lags behind government expectations

In July, the State Council dedicates an executive meeting how to incentivize private investment and providing a better, unified legal environment for the operation of PPPs in China.

Source EN

2.6 Special Administrative Regions: Hong Kong and Macau

Candidates excluded from 2016 Legislative Council elections after controversial new requirements

Hong Kong’s Electoral Affairs Commission has asked candidates running in the September 2016 LegCo elections to sign a declaration affirming individual paragraphs of Hong Kong’s Basic Law stressing Hong Kong’s link to the mainland. The move is seen as an attempt to exclude pro-independence candidates from the ballots. In the past, candidates were already required to declare their support of the Basic Law as a whole, so many candidates in the pan-democrat camp have decried the new declaration as illegitimate and have refused to sign it. As of the end of July, two pro-independence candidates have been excluded from running in the election.

Source ENSource CN

2.10 Legislation, the People’s Congresses, and the Political Consultative Conferences

Second draft of the Cyber Security Act

The 21st session of the NPC Standing Committee discussed three new legal bills including the drafts of the General Principles of Civil Law, the second draft of the Cyber Security Act, and the draft of the Red Cross Act. The bills were uploaded online for soliciting public comments.

Source EN, Source CN

2.11.1 Party control over the judicial and police systems

New criteria for selecting legislators, judges, and public prosecutors

The General Office of the Central Committee of the CCP issued a Notice, setting forth new rules for selecting legislators, judges, and public prosecutors out of lawyers and legal experts. The eligible candidates must show loyalty to the CCP and their spouse, sons or daughters may not be any emigrants.

Source EN, Source CN

Editor and principal author