The Chinese government is one of the most important actors in international affairs today. China’s global economic and diplomatic presence is challenging the earlier dominance by the Western powers. To thoroughly understand how the People’s Republic of China (PRC) has grown in power requires a careful analysis of its political system. What contribution has the political system and government activity made in respect to China’s economic transformation? What consequences will the economic modernisation and world-economic integration have on the political system? Is the political system able to adapt to changing economic, technological, and international conditions? Which potentials and risks will shape the mid-term development of the political system?
The book offers a differentiated understanding of the conditions, potentials and risks of the political development in China. It is based on a comprehensive of analysis of Chinese resources and gives readers the most current overview of international China research.
"China's political system" published by Rowman & Littlefield Publishers is available on Amazon.
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Updates on China's Political System
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2.12 The military and politics
While delivering his work report to the CCP’s 19th Party Congress on October 18, Xi outlined the path forward for the PLA. Within three years, the armed forces will make significant progress towards mechanization and informatization, and they will complete the process of modernization by 2035. Xi also expects the PLA to be a “world-class force” by 2050.
On October 25, after the 19th Party Congress, the CCP announced the new line-up of the Central Military Commission (CMC). The CMC will now be led by seven members – Xi as the chairman, two vice-chairmen and four other members – down from the previous 11 members. The commanders of the PLA’s military services, as well as the directors of the Logistic Support Department and the Equipment Development Department will no longer be part of the CMC leadership. And, for the first time, the chief of the CMC’s Discipline Inspection Commission will be a member.
4.4 The political initiation and implementation of economic reform
During the 19thParty Congress Xi Jinping declared China was entering a new era. The term reflects strengthening self-confidence it’s the country’s ability. This includes its economic ambitions to establish a strong, innovative and globally leading economy. In line with the ambition was the CCP’s declared goal of establishing a moderately prosperous society under socialism with Chinese characteristics.
4.6 The role of government in the banking and financial systems
Banks who meet certain requirements will have their reserve requirement cut from 20 to 15 percent. In reality almost all banks qualify.
The underwriting business was previously almost completely dominated by state owned enterprises.
The State Council announced they have taken several measures to make banks’ lending to SMEs cheaper. Interest derived from loans to SMEs will be VAT free until 2019, loans to SMEs will be subject to lower tax and banks that lend to SMEs will be subject to lower reserve requirements.
New study in Science magazine gives merit to China’s previous One-Child policy.
5.6 The media and public opinion
On October 30, 2017, China’s top cyberspace regulator published new regulations mandating a security assessment for new technology-based information products or applications, screening them, among others, for their potential to shape public opinion and mobilize the population. The regulations came into effect on December 1, 2017.
6.11 Environmental policy: Curtailing urban air pollution
Xi Jinping announced new regulatory agencies to manage state-owned natural resources. Besides that, the CCP charter puts more emphasis on environmental protection: “raise awareness that lucid waters and lush mountains are invaluable assets” was added to it.