https://www.merics.org/en/rss en Mikko Huotari: China öffnet seine Märkte weiterhin nur selektiv https://www.merics.org/de/podcast/mikko-huotari-china-oeffnet-seine-maerkte-weiterhin-nur-selektiv <span>Mikko Huotari: China öffnet seine Märkte weiterhin nur selektiv</span> <span><span lang="" about="/en/user/646" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">jheller</span></span> <span>Tue, 05/22/2018 - 16:35</span> <div class="layout layout--twocol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--top"> </div> <div class="layout__region layout__region--first"> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>22. Mai 2018</p> <p><span><span><span>Beim Besuch von Kanzlerin Merkel in China (23.-25. Mai) steht neben den politischen Gesprächen  auch ein Besuch  in der Metropole Shenzhen auf dem Programm, die sich derzeit zu einem Zentrum innovativer Technologien in Bereichen wie E-Mobilität und Künstlicher Intelligenz entwickelt. Dort könnten sich neue Felder für die  deutsch-chinesische Zusammenarbeit auftun, sagt Mikko Huotari, Leiter des Programmbereichs Internationale Beziehungen am MERICS. Allerdings bleibt das wirtschaftspolitische Umfeld schwierig. China öffne seine Märkte nur sehr selektiv und nur dann, wenn es in Beijings Strategie passt. Erschwert wird Merkels Besuch auch durch die Politik von US-Präsident Trump. Denn obwohl  die USA und Europa ähnliche handelspolitische Interessen in China verfolgen, so Huotari, seien die Europäer zunehmend auf sich allein gestellt. Mikko Huotari über den China-Besuch der Kanzlerin. Fragen von <a href="https://www.merics.org/de/team/ruth-kirchner">Ruth Kirchner</a>.</span></span></span></p></div> </div> <div class="layout__region layout__region--second"> <div class="field field--name-field-podca field--type-file field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"><div class="audiofield"> <audio preload="auto" controls controlsList="nodownload" > <source src="https://www.merics.org/sites/default/files/2018-05/Merics%20Experts%2055%20-%20Mikko%20Huotari.MP3" type="audio/mpeg"> Your browser does not support the audio element. </audio> <label>Merics Experts 55 - Mikko Huotari.MP3</label> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="layout__region layout__region--bottom"> </div> </div> Tue, 22 May 2018 14:35:49 +0000 jheller 7041 at https://www.merics.org China Update 9/2018 https://www.merics.org/en/newsletter/china-update-92018 <span>China Update 9/2018</span> <span><span lang="" about="/en/user/306" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">komprakti</span></span> <span>Wed, 05/16/2018 - 11:42</span> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="container"> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>April 27 - May 17, 2018</p> <h2>Table of Contents</h2> <ul><li><a href="#metrix">Metrix</a></li> <li><a href="#topic-of-the-week">Topic of the Week</a></li> <li><a href="#china-and-the-world">China and the World</a></li> <li><a href="#politics-society-and-media">Politics, Society and Media</a></li> <li><a href="#economy-finance-and-technology">Economy, Finance and Technology</a></li> <li><a href="#the-european-view">The European View</a></li> </ul><p><a href="https://www.merics.org/sites/default/files/2018-05/MERICS_China_Update_9_2018_EN.pdf">Click here to download the MERICS China Update 9/2018 as PDF.</a></p> <p><a href="https://merics-anmeldung.newsletter2go.com/">Subscribe to our publications free of charge.</a></p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-p-china-update-section field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--china-update-section paragraph--view-mode--default"> <h2 id="metrix" style="background-color: #EFECE8;"><div class="container">METRIX</div></h2> <div class="field field--name-field-chine-update-article field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--chine-update-article paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field--name-field-left-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p><img alt="metrix 92018 en" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="46d0383e-b35f-4e82-a4a2-db0073ed72f6" height="87" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/180517_China_Update_9_2018_METRIX_EN_0.png" width="184" class="align-left" />Almost half of all working women in China have no children. That’s according to <a href="http://www.xinhuanet.com/video/sjxw/2018-05/11/c_129869822.htm">statistics</a> published by Xinhua news agency. More than one third of these women said they lacked time and energy to consider motherhood. Many others said the financial burden of raising children was too high. </p></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--china-update-section paragraph--view-mode--default"> <h2 id="topic-of-the-week" style="background-color: #BE1623;"><div class="container">Topic of the week: Sino-US trade talks</div></h2> <div class="field field--name-field-chine-update-article field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--chine-update-article paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field--name-field-left-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><figure role="group"><img alt="ZTE" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="f0be4571-08b3-42ef-b4e8-7170bac2b364" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/180517_ZTE_pbu608215_11_1.jpg" /><figcaption>Image by ImagineChina</figcaption></figure><p> </p></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--chine-update-article paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field--name-field-heading field--type-string-long field--label-hidden field--item">Sino-US trade talks could hinge on ZTE </div> <div class="field field--name-field-two-column-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>A lot is at stake this week as a high-level Chinese delegation began talks in Washington on a deal to avoid a full-blown trade war between the world’s two largest economies. The delegation, led by Chinese vice premier Liu He, arrived in Washington on May 15 and was scheduled to discuss issues ranging from intellectual property protections to agricultural goods to steel capacity. The talks come after weeks of rising trade tensions and just days after US President Donald Trump stated his willingness to work with China to rescue tech giant ZTE. </p> <p>Although the ZTE case is officially independent from the trade disputes, which started to escalate last month, <a href="https://www.cbsnews.com/news/why-the-u-s-china-trade-talks-could-hinge-on-zte/">media reports</a> say the talks in Washington could hinge on finding a solution for the troubled company.  </p> <p>ZTE’s operations ground to halt after the US imposed punitive measures against China’s second largest telecommunications company for violating the terms of a settlement reached last year after ZTE broke US sanctions against Iran and North Korea. ZTE was effectively cut off from its main US-based suppliers of microchips for its mobile phones and other products for the next seven years, exposing the company’s and China’s dependency on foreign technology. Trump's unexpected move to rescue ZTE, <a href="https://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2018/05/15/611218144/as-u-s-china-trade-talks-begin-ztes-future-is-in-the-spotlight">announced via Twitter last Sunday</a>, can be seen as a step toward winning concessions from China on other trade issues. </p> <p>Trump’s olive branch was offered after weeks of escalating trade tensions. In April Washington threatened to impose tariffs on up to 150 billion USD worth of imports from China, prompting Beijing to retaliate.  </p> <p>While China’s trade surplus with the US is a one of the key topics in the Washington talks, Beijing’s industrial strategy “Made in China 2025” is at the heart of the trade dispute. The plan aims to help Chinese firms become market leaders in sectors such as artificial intelligence and new energy vehicles. <a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2018/05/04/business/china-us-trade-talks.html">The US government</a> demands an end to state subsidies to these industries and wants to put tariffs on Chinese tech exports to the US.  </p> <p>Yet leading up to the Washington talks, both sides have stressed the need to cooperate. In addition to Trump’s tweet on ZTE, White House economic adviser Larry Kudlow <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trade-china/us-china-still-very-far-apart-on-trade-us-ambassador-idUSKCN1IG01O">said on Tuesday</a> he backed efforts to reach an agreement with Beijing and that both countries must take action. In another sign of goodwill Chinese regulators have <a href="https://www.cnbc.com/2018/05/14/nxp-up-on-report-chinese-regulators-to-restart-review-of-qualcomm-bid.html">reportedly</a> resumed the review of US chipmaker Qualcomm’s bid to buy local rival NXP. The deal has already received approval from eight of nine global regulators.  </p> <p><strong>Max J. Zenglein</strong>, Senior Economist at MERICS: </p> <p>“The developments in the run-up to the Washington meeting highlight the complexity of the issues at stake. The US and China are highly interconnected – not just economically but also on other international issues such a North Korea. There are strong indications that both sides are keen to avoid an escalation of the trade conflicts that could have global repercussions.”  </p></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--china-update-section paragraph--view-mode--default"> <h2 id="china-and-the-world" style="background-color: #E35B27;"><div class="container">China and the World</div></h2> <div class="field field--name-field-chine-update-article field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--chine-update-article paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field--name-field-heading field--type-string-long field--label-hidden field--item">China and Iran hail &quot;strategic partnership&quot;</div> <div class="field field--name-field-two-column-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>China has emphasized that it wants to stick to the Iran nuclear deal despite the US withdrawal. Chinese foreign minister Wang Yi reiterated his support for the agreement during a visit to Beijing by Iranian foreign minister Mohammad Jaraf Zarif <a href="http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2018-05/13/c_137176215.htm">on May 13</a>. Beijing was the first leg of a diplomatic tour by Zarif that also took him to Moscow and Brussels to consult with the remaining signatories to the 2015 agreement. </p> <p>After the talks in Beijing, Wang Yi said he believed Zarif’s tour would “improve countries’ understanding of Iran’s position” and help Tehran protect its “legitimate national interests.” <a href="http://www.scmp.com/news/china/diplomacy-defence/article/2145936/irans-top-diplomat-hopeful-forging-clear-future-nuclear">Wang and Zarif</a> hailed the “comprehensive strategic partnership” between their countries. </p> <p>China was one of the six powers – with the US, Russia, France, the UK and Germany – that signed the historic pact, which saw sanctions lifted in return for the commitment by Tehran not to acquire nuclear weapons.  </p> <p>China has wide-ranging economic interests in Iran and is the biggest importer of Iranian oil. State-owned energy company CNPC holds a 30 percent stake in a major Iranian natural gas project. <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-iran-nuclear-cnpc-total/chinas-cnpc-ready-to-take-over-iran-project-if-total-leaves-sources-idUSKBN1IC0TE">Media reports</a> say CNPC is ready to increase its stake should French company Total pull out due to new US sanctions. Such a move by CNPC could further strain Sino-US relations. But US sanctions could also affect Chinese companies’ activities in Iran with international suppliers becoming wary of selling equipment to Iran-based projects.  </p></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--chine-update-article paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field--name-field-heading field--type-string-long field--label-hidden field--item">China intensifies neighborhood diplomacy </div> <div class="field field--name-field-two-column-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>A flurry of high-level meetings between China, South Korea, and Japan suggest closer cooperation among the three East Asian countries whose ties have been strained by territorial and historical disputes for many years.   </p> <p>Chinese premier Li Keqiang and his Japanese counterpart Shinzo Abe met in Japan on May 10 and agreed to launch several initiatives to foster closer cooperation. The <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-japan-china-hotline/japan-and-china-agree-on-security-hotline-after-a-decade-of-talks-idUSKBN1IA17I">most significant</a> agreement is on a new security hotline to be effective in June to avoid maritime clashes in the East China Sea where both countries claim the Senkaku or Diaoyu islands. Li also urged Abe to join the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), China’s ambitious plans for improved transport and trade links between Asia, Africa and Europe.  </p> <p>In a separate meeting <a href="http://www.scmp.com/news/china/diplomacy-defence/article/2145307/china-japan-south-korea-urge-north-korea-scrap-nuclear">on May 9</a> that also included the South Korean leader Moon Jae In, the three Asian powers agreed to cooperate in seeking the denuclearization of the Korean peninsula. They also voiced support for trilateral free trade.  </p> <p>The meetings are seen as an attempt on the part of China to improve relations in its immediate neighborhood and manage any backlash to its more assertive foreign policy. <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-china-india/chinas-xi-indias-modi-seek-new-relationship-after-summit-idUSKBN1HZ019?il=0">Last month</a>, a summit between Chinese president Xi Jinping and Indian premier Narendra Modi in Wuhan was also billed as a move to improve neighborhood relations and address concerns about the BRI.   </p></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--chine-update-article paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field--name-field-left-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p><strong>News in brief</strong></p></div> <div class="field field--name-field-two-column-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><ul><li> <p lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE"><a href="https://edition.cnn.com/2018/05/12/asia/china-aircraft-carrier-trial-intl/index.html">Trial run: China's first domestically built aircraft carrier sets sail</a> </p> </li> <li> <p lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE"><a href="http://dominican%20republic%20establishes%20diplomatic%20relations%20with%20china:%20Number%20of%20countries%20that%20recognize%20Taiwan%20drops%20to%2019/">Closer ties: Dominican Republic establishes diplomatic relations with China</a> </p> </li> <li> <p lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE"><a href="https://www.cnbc.com/2018/05/10/malaysia-election-may-hit-china-belt-and-road-infrastructure-projects.html">Uncertain future: Malaysian elections may hit BRI projects</a> </p> </li> </ul></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--china-update-section paragraph--view-mode--default"> <h2 id="politics-society-and-media" style="background-color: #E35B27;"><div class="container">Politics, Society and media</div></h2> <div class="field field--name-field-chine-update-article field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--chine-update-article paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field--name-field-heading field--type-string-long field--label-hidden field--item">Van drivers and crane operators protest over pay and working conditions </div> <div class="field field--name-field-two-column-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Logistics and the construction sector saw an upsurge in labor disputes in recent weeks. Van drivers working for the Hong Kong-based logistics company Lalamove staged protests in at least five cities over pay cuts that were announced without warning. The largest protest was reported on May 6 in the southern city of Shenzhen where a row of at least 50 vans carrying banners moved slowly down an avenue. <a href="http://www.clb.org.hk/content/van-drivers-across-china-go-strike-protesting-lalamove-pay-cuts">Similar protests</a> took place in Changsha, Chengdu, Kunming and Xi’an in the last few weeks. </p> <p>Crane operators also staged <a href="https://chinachange.org/2018/05/07/the-significance-of-crane-operators-across-china-going-on-strike/">strikes and protests</a> across China demanding better pay and working conditions. <a href="http://www.clb.org.hk/content/tower-crane-operators-across-china-organise-labour-day-strike-over-low-pay">China Labour Bulletin,</a> a Hong Kong-based NGO, recorded at least a dozen such strikes and protests since 25 April, including incidents in Sichuan, Gansu, Henan, Fujian, Hunan, Jiangsu, Guizhou, Jiangxi, Hubei and Guangxi. Some media described the strikes as the biggest sectoral labor protests in recent years. </p> <p>The workers organized their protests online via closed groups on instant messaging apps like QQ and WeChat to discuss strategies and make announcements. </p> <p>The logistics sector and the construction industry employ many low-skilled migrant workers. Working conditions are often harsh and pay is low. Contracts and social security contributions can be scant. Digitalization, especially in logistics, puts van drivers under further pressure through apps that monitor delivery times and routes. </p></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--chine-update-article paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field--name-field-heading field--type-string-long field--label-hidden field--item">Xi Jinping calls for better coordination between central and local institutions </div> <div class="field field--name-field-two-column-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Chinese president and party leader Xi Jinping has called on central and local government institutions to better coordinate their activities. Xi made the remarks on May 11 in Beijing when presiding over the second meeting of the central committee for deepening overall reform.  </p> <p><a href="http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2018-05/12/c_137172840.htm">Xinhua news agency</a> reported that institutions at the provincial or lower levels would be granted greater autonomy but must uphold the central and unified leadership of the Communist Party (CCP). </p> <p>The meeting approved <a href="http://www.xinhuanet.com/politics/xxjxs/2018-05/13/c_1122825599.htm">ten official documents</a> on areas ranging from reform of local institutions to state-owned enterprises to pension provisions and health care.  </p> <p>The central committee for deepening overall reform was set up in <a href="http://www.xinhuanet.com/politics/2018-03/21/c_1122570517.htm">March 2018</a>. It had started as an advisory small leading group (领导小组) in 2013. Its transformation into a committee is part of the CCP’s efforts to extend its control over state institutions. </p> <p>Strengthening the central role of the CCP has greatly increased the party’s influence in recent years. However, this was often achieved at the expense of local innovation and experimentation. </p> <p><strong>Mareike Ohlberg</strong>, Research Associate at MERICS: </p> <p>“The CCP cannot rely on its central authority and leadership alone to implement reforms. The party needs strong provincial and local institutions that are familiar with local conditions and can implement reforms accordingly.”  </p></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--chine-update-article paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field--name-field-heading field--type-string-long field--label-hidden field--item">Sino-German media dialogue: Some connections, many differences </div> <div class="field field--name-field-two-column-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>The Sino-German media dialogue is meant to bring journalists from China and Germany together to discuss common concerns and maybe find common ground. This year’s topic was carefully chosen: Social media and globalization. Roughly 40 media representatives from China and Germany met on May 7 in Berlin. But while some connections were found, fundamental differences remained. </p> <p>The different approaches to media and journalism were obvious from the outset. Andreas Michaelis of the German Foreign Ministry stressed media freedom and freedom of expression as “fundamental pillars” of Germany’s political order and society. For the Chinese side, Guo Weimin, vice minister at the State Council Information Office, stressed that media of both countries should work towards strengthening the Sino-German strategic partnership and promote economic globalization. </p> <p>The Chinese participants were mainly CCP cadres and representative from state media outlets. Among the German participants were many journalists from a more diverse background – from public broadcaster ARD, Reuters news agency, the economic daily Handelsblatt, the weekly “Die Zeit”, and others. </p> <p>The discussions often centered on the role of the media in society and there was little common ground to be found. But in the age of social media, journalists in both countries also face new challenges such as fake news. Yet what exactly is fake? And what to do about fake news? Opinions differed on how to deal with the problem. Under Chinese regulations even posting vaguely defined “rumors” is prohibited and can carry hefty prison sentences. </p> <p>The Sino-German media dialogue started in 2011 and almost always led to difficult, sometimes acrimonious discussions. Against this backdrop, some participants viewed this year’s exchange with cautious optimism and commented positively on the relatively open atmosphere – despite the many opposing views and fundamental differences.  </p> <p class="infobox_hell">MERICS-Analysis: <a href="https://www.merics.org/en/blog/german-chinese-media-dialogue-some-connections-amid-fundamental-differences">German-Chinese media dialogue: some connections amid fundamental differences</a>. Blogpost by Didi Kirsten Tatlow, MERICS Visiting Fellow and one of the moderators at this year’s media dialogue.</p></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--chine-update-article paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field--name-field-heading field--type-string-long field--label-hidden field--item">What do Germans know about China? </div> <div class="field field--name-field-two-column-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>China has become an important partner for business, politics and science, but what do Germans know about the People’s Republic? Education experts met on May 7 with officials from the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), the German foreign ministry (AA) and the Standing Conference of the Ministers of Education and Cultural Affairs of the Länder (KMK). They and representatives from schools, universities and research institutions discussed ways to advance the teaching of Mandarin in Germany and general knowledge about China. </p> <p>MERICS presented an analysis of German competencies on China at the conference. The study, “China kennen, China können,” which was commissioned by the education ministry, is based on more than 50 interviews with politicians, business representatives and other stakeholders who regularly deal with China. The researchers also collected data on China Studies at German universities and China as part of school curricula.  </p> <p>The researchers concluded that more schools and universities offer either exchange programs or cooperate with Chinese schools and universities than in the past. However, many Germans still have a rather clichéd view of China. In comparison with other European countries, fewer German pupils learn Mandarin and the number of students who chose China Studies at university is not going up despite demand for graduates with China expertise.   </p> <p>While several conference participants shared positive experiences of their exchanges with China, it also became clear why young people sometimes have little interest in China: air pollution, internet censorship and the grip of the Communist Party on all aspects of society puts them off.   </p> <p>The education and the foreign ministry and the KMK representatives said they would draw up joint measures to increase China competencies in Germany. </p> <p class="infobox_hell">Merics Analysis: <a href="https://www.merics.org/en/blog/europe-needs-mandarin-excellence-strategy">Europe needs a Mandarin excellence strategy</a>. Blogpost by Andrea Frenzel, co-author of the MERICS study calls for a European excellence strategy for Mandarin. </p></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--chine-update-article paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field--name-field-left-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p><strong>News in brief</strong></p></div> <div class="field field--name-field-two-column-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><ul><li> <p lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE"><a href="https://www.hongkongfp.com/2018/05/13/diplomats-barred-seeing-liu-xia-widow-china-dissident-liu-xiaobo-sources/">Barred: Western diplomats not allowed to visit Liu Xia</a> </p> </li> <li> <p lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE"><a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2018/05/15/u-s-retailer-gap-apologizes-to-china-over-map-on-t-shirt-that-omits-taiwan-south-china-sea/?noredirect=on&amp;utm_term=.b23619b0140a">Omitted: Gap apologizes for t-shirt with China map without Taiwan </a> </p> </li> <li> <p lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE"><a href="https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2018/05/08/609327189/sun-zhengcai-once-a-rising-star-in-china-gets-life-sentence-on-bribery-charges">Sentenced: Sun Zengcai, once a rising star in China, gets life sentence for bribery</a> </p> </li> <li> <p lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE"><a href="http://www.scmp.com/tech/china-tech/article/2144396/china-looks-school-kids-win-global-ai-race">Published: Chinese highschool students get textbooks about artificial intelligence </a></p> </li> </ul></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--china-update-section paragraph--view-mode--default"> <h2 id="economy-finance-and-technology" style="background-color: #E35B27;"><div class="container">Economy, Finance and Technology</div></h2> <div class="field field--name-field-chine-update-article field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--chine-update-article paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field--name-field-heading field--type-string-long field--label-hidden field--item">Foreign banks welcome PBOC’s steps to financial opening</div> <div class="field field--name-field-two-column-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Foreign banks have welcomed moves by China’s central bank, the PBOC, to gradually remove restrictions on securities companies. Several banks said they are now going to increase their stakes in Chinese brokerage joint ventures.  </p> <p>In late April, PBOC governor Yi Gang<a href="http://www.pbc.gov.cn/english/130721/3517991/index.html"> announced</a> at the Bo’ao Forum that foreign banks will be allowed to increase their stakes in brokerage companies to 51 per cent. He said the cap would be entirely removed within three years. </p> <p>JPMorgan Chase said it plans to take a majority in its joint venture with China International Fund Management. UBS and Nomura have also applied to get majority stakes in their respective joint ventures. HSBC was allowed to take a majority stake last year under special rules for Hong Kong-funded institutions. </p> <p>China is under pressure, <a href="http://www.scmp.com/news/china/economy/article/2141188/quota-hong-kong-china-stock-schemes-quadrupled">particularly from the US</a>, to open its financial markets. The government in Beijing has promised reforms for a long time but has been slow in taking action. </p> <p>Securities joint ventures are still fairly small in China. Consequently, it might take a while before foreign banks take on a more prominent role in the domestic market. It is likely that the government held back on relaxing the joint-venture rules to protect domestic banks from international competition.</p></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--chine-update-article paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field--name-field-heading field--type-string-long field--label-hidden field--item">State Council promises to cut red tape for new businesses </div> <div class="field field--name-field-two-column-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE">Starting a business in China could soon become easier for both domestic and foreign-invested companies. The State Council, China’s cabinet, published new regulations on <a href="http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2018-05/02/c_137151807.htm">May 2</a> aimed at simplifying and speeding up the process of starting new domestic businesses. On May 16, the State Council <a href="http://english.gov.cn/premier/news/2018/05/16/content_281476149589926.htm?mc_cid=c5f6185f21&amp;mc_eid=509661d30c">announced</a> that from June 30 foreign-invested businesses will be able to register on a central website by filling out just one form. This should shorten the registration period and make it easier to start business operations.  </p> <p lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE">According to statistics from the Ministry of Commerce, 35,000 new foreign-invested companies were founded in China in 2017 alone. That is an increase of 27.8 percent in comparison with 2016. Foreign investment in China rose by 7.9 percent and reached 877.7 billion CNY (about 117 billion EUR). </p> <p lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE">Under the new regulations for domestic companies, registering a new business should take 8.5 days, less than half the current average of 20 working days. After a trial phase in selected cities, the new measures will be rolled out nation-wide in the first half of 2019.  </p> <p lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE">Last month, the <a href="http://english.gov.cn/premier/news/2018/04/25/content_281476124012082.htm">State Council had already </a>promised a series of tax cuts worth more than 60 billion CNY to support innovative small and micro-sized enterprises. </p> <p lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE">The measures are meant to create a positive business environment and show that the government recognizes the role of small enterprises and start-ups in the push towards a more innovation-driven economic growth model.  </p></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--chine-update-article paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field--name-field-left-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p><strong>News in brief</strong></p></div> <div class="field field--name-field-two-column-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><ul><li> <p lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE"><a href="http://www.scmp.com/print/business/companies/article/2146097/teslas-shanghai-subsidiary-takes-it-step-closer-making-cars-china">E-mobility: Tesla opens R&amp;D center in Shanghai</a> </p> </li> <li> <p lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE"><a href="https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-05-15/china-s-april-economic-data-show-mixed-bag-as-industry-holds-up?">Economic data: April figures show mixed bag as industry holds up</a> </p> </li> <li> <p lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE"><a href="http://www.scmp.com/property/hong-kong-china/article/2146042/hainan-opens-channel-home-ownership-new-workers">Home ownership: Hainan loosens restrictions to attract top-level talent</a> </p> </li> <li> <p lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE"><a href="http://www.scmp.com/business/companies/article/2144422/xiaomi-applies-raise-funds-hong-kong-giving-city-pole-position">IT industry: Xiaomi applies to raise funds in Hong Kong IPO</a>  </p> </li> </ul></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--china-update-section paragraph--view-mode--default"> <h2 id="the-european-view" style="background-color: #FBBA00;"><div class="container">The European View</div></h2> <div class="field field--name-field-chine-update-article field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--chine-update-article paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field--name-field-heading field--type-string-long field--label-hidden field--item">United Kingdom and Chinese internet giant Tencent team up for cultural cooperation </div> <div class="field field--name-field-two-column-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>The UK Department of International Trade (DIT) and the Chinese internet giant Tencent have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on broad cultural and research cooperation. While substance and scope of the agreement remain vague, some elements of the deal <a href="http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2018-05/10/c_137167524.htm">have been publicized</a>, including a plan to share content with the BBC, cooperation on research and online gaming with Oxford University as well as possible projects with the British Tourist Authority and the British Fashion Council. </p> <p>Britain’s Secretary of State for International Trade Liam Fox and Tencent Senior Executive Vice President Seng Yee Lau announced the deal at an event in London on May 9. Fox said at the ceremony the next few years offered “a golden opportunity for the UK to work with companies such as Tencent to drive innovation and shape the future of global trade.” Lau told Reuters news agency the trade deal gave Tencent a “landing pad” into Europe and could lead to further commercial and investment prospects in time.  </p> <p>The internet giant has cooperated with UK institutions in the past. The company worked with the BBC to produce Blue Planet II, a nature documentary that was extremely popular not only in the UK and China but also worldwide. Tencent also signed an MOU with the Royal Opera House in London in late 2017 to collaborate on live-stream technology and intellectual property. </p> <p>Tencent is China’s <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-tencent-holdings-britain/chinas-tencent-signs-broad-cultural-deal-with-britain-idUSKBN1IA0RG">second most valuable company</a>. Its billion user-strong WeChat messaging app sits at the heart of China’s booming internet economy. Yet concerns have been raised about Tencent’s protection of user data and its close collaboration with the Chinese government. </p></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> Wed, 16 May 2018 09:42:58 +0000 komprakti 7006 at https://www.merics.org China Update 9/2018 https://www.merics.org/en/newsletter/china-update-92018 <span>China Update 9/2018</span> <span><span lang="" about="/en/user/306" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">komprakti</span></span> <span>Wed, 05/16/2018 - 11:42</span> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="container"> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>April 27 - May 17, 2018</p> <h2>Table of Contents</h2> <ul><li><a href="#metrix">Metrix</a></li> <li><a href="#topic-of-the-week">Topic of the Week</a></li> <li><a href="#china-and-the-world">China and the World</a></li> <li><a href="#politics-society-and-media">Politics, Society and Media</a></li> <li><a href="#economy-finance-and-technology">Economy, Finance and Technology</a></li> <li><a href="#the-european-view">The European View</a></li> </ul><p><a href="https://www.merics.org/sites/default/files/2018-05/MERICS_China_Update_9_2018_EN.pdf">Click here to download the MERICS China Update 9/2018 as PDF.</a></p> <p><a href="https://merics-anmeldung.newsletter2go.com/">Subscribe to our publications free of charge.</a></p></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-p-china-update-section field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--china-update-section paragraph--view-mode--default"> <h2 id="metrix" style="background-color: #EFECE8;"><div class="container">METRIX</div></h2> <div class="field field--name-field-chine-update-article field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--chine-update-article paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field--name-field-left-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p><img alt="metrix 92018 en" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="46d0383e-b35f-4e82-a4a2-db0073ed72f6" height="87" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/180517_China_Update_9_2018_METRIX_EN_0.png" width="184" class="align-left" />Almost half of all working women in China have no children. That’s according to <a href="http://www.xinhuanet.com/video/sjxw/2018-05/11/c_129869822.htm">statistics</a> published by Xinhua news agency. More than one third of these women said they lacked time and energy to consider motherhood. Many others said the financial burden of raising children was too high. </p></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--china-update-section paragraph--view-mode--default"> <h2 id="topic-of-the-week" style="background-color: #BE1623;"><div class="container">Topic of the week: Sino-US trade talks</div></h2> <div class="field field--name-field-chine-update-article field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--chine-update-article paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field--name-field-left-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><figure role="group"><img alt="ZTE" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="f0be4571-08b3-42ef-b4e8-7170bac2b364" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/180517_ZTE_pbu608215_11_1.jpg" /><figcaption>Image by ImagineChina</figcaption></figure><p> </p></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--chine-update-article paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field--name-field-heading field--type-string-long field--label-hidden field--item">Sino-US trade talks could hinge on ZTE </div> <div class="field field--name-field-two-column-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>A lot is at stake this week as a high-level Chinese delegation began talks in Washington on a deal to avoid a full-blown trade war between the world’s two largest economies. The delegation, led by Chinese vice premier Liu He, arrived in Washington on May 15 and was scheduled to discuss issues ranging from intellectual property protections to agricultural goods to steel capacity. The talks come after weeks of rising trade tensions and just days after US President Donald Trump stated his willingness to work with China to rescue tech giant ZTE. </p> <p>Although the ZTE case is officially independent from the trade disputes, which started to escalate last month, <a href="https://www.cbsnews.com/news/why-the-u-s-china-trade-talks-could-hinge-on-zte/">media reports</a> say the talks in Washington could hinge on finding a solution for the troubled company.  </p> <p>ZTE’s operations ground to halt after the US imposed punitive measures against China’s second largest telecommunications company for violating the terms of a settlement reached last year after ZTE broke US sanctions against Iran and North Korea. ZTE was effectively cut off from its main US-based suppliers of microchips for its mobile phones and other products for the next seven years, exposing the company’s and China’s dependency on foreign technology. Trump's unexpected move to rescue ZTE, <a href="https://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2018/05/15/611218144/as-u-s-china-trade-talks-begin-ztes-future-is-in-the-spotlight">announced via Twitter last Sunday</a>, can be seen as a step toward winning concessions from China on other trade issues. </p> <p>Trump’s olive branch was offered after weeks of escalating trade tensions. In April Washington threatened to impose tariffs on up to 150 billion USD worth of imports from China, prompting Beijing to retaliate.  </p> <p>While China’s trade surplus with the US is a one of the key topics in the Washington talks, Beijing’s industrial strategy “Made in China 2025” is at the heart of the trade dispute. The plan aims to help Chinese firms become market leaders in sectors such as artificial intelligence and new energy vehicles. <a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2018/05/04/business/china-us-trade-talks.html">The US government</a> demands an end to state subsidies to these industries and wants to put tariffs on Chinese tech exports to the US.  </p> <p>Yet leading up to the Washington talks, both sides have stressed the need to cooperate. In addition to Trump’s tweet on ZTE, White House economic adviser Larry Kudlow <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trade-china/us-china-still-very-far-apart-on-trade-us-ambassador-idUSKCN1IG01O">said on Tuesday</a> he backed efforts to reach an agreement with Beijing and that both countries must take action. In another sign of goodwill Chinese regulators have <a href="https://www.cnbc.com/2018/05/14/nxp-up-on-report-chinese-regulators-to-restart-review-of-qualcomm-bid.html">reportedly</a> resumed the review of US chipmaker Qualcomm’s bid to buy local rival NXP. The deal has already received approval from eight of nine global regulators.  </p> <p><strong>Max J. Zenglein</strong>, Senior Economist at MERICS: </p> <p>“The developments in the run-up to the Washington meeting highlight the complexity of the issues at stake. The US and China are highly interconnected – not just economically but also on other international issues such a North Korea. There are strong indications that both sides are keen to avoid an escalation of the trade conflicts that could have global repercussions.”  </p></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--china-update-section paragraph--view-mode--default"> <h2 id="china-and-the-world" style="background-color: #E35B27;"><div class="container">China and the World</div></h2> <div class="field field--name-field-chine-update-article field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--chine-update-article paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field--name-field-heading field--type-string-long field--label-hidden field--item">China and Iran hail &quot;strategic partnership&quot;</div> <div class="field field--name-field-two-column-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>China has emphasized that it wants to stick to the Iran nuclear deal despite the US withdrawal. Chinese foreign minister Wang Yi reiterated his support for the agreement during a visit to Beijing by Iranian foreign minister Mohammad Jaraf Zarif <a href="http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2018-05/13/c_137176215.htm">on May 13</a>. Beijing was the first leg of a diplomatic tour by Zarif that also took him to Moscow and Brussels to consult with the remaining signatories to the 2015 agreement. </p> <p>After the talks in Beijing, Wang Yi said he believed Zarif’s tour would “improve countries’ understanding of Iran’s position” and help Tehran protect its “legitimate national interests.” <a href="http://www.scmp.com/news/china/diplomacy-defence/article/2145936/irans-top-diplomat-hopeful-forging-clear-future-nuclear">Wang and Zarif</a> hailed the “comprehensive strategic partnership” between their countries. </p> <p>China was one of the six powers – with the US, Russia, France, the UK and Germany – that signed the historic pact, which saw sanctions lifted in return for the commitment by Tehran not to acquire nuclear weapons.  </p> <p>China has wide-ranging economic interests in Iran and is the biggest importer of Iranian oil. State-owned energy company CNPC holds a 30 percent stake in a major Iranian natural gas project. <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-iran-nuclear-cnpc-total/chinas-cnpc-ready-to-take-over-iran-project-if-total-leaves-sources-idUSKBN1IC0TE">Media reports</a> say CNPC is ready to increase its stake should French company Total pull out due to new US sanctions. Such a move by CNPC could further strain Sino-US relations. But US sanctions could also affect Chinese companies’ activities in Iran with international suppliers becoming wary of selling equipment to Iran-based projects.  </p></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--chine-update-article paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field--name-field-heading field--type-string-long field--label-hidden field--item">China intensifies neighborhood diplomacy </div> <div class="field field--name-field-two-column-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>A flurry of high-level meetings between China, South Korea, and Japan suggest closer cooperation among the three East Asian countries whose ties have been strained by territorial and historical disputes for many years.   </p> <p>Chinese premier Li Keqiang and his Japanese counterpart Shinzo Abe met in Japan on May 10 and agreed to launch several initiatives to foster closer cooperation. The <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-japan-china-hotline/japan-and-china-agree-on-security-hotline-after-a-decade-of-talks-idUSKBN1IA17I">most significant</a> agreement is on a new security hotline to be effective in June to avoid maritime clashes in the East China Sea where both countries claim the Senkaku or Diaoyu islands. Li also urged Abe to join the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), China’s ambitious plans for improved transport and trade links between Asia, Africa and Europe.  </p> <p>In a separate meeting <a href="http://www.scmp.com/news/china/diplomacy-defence/article/2145307/china-japan-south-korea-urge-north-korea-scrap-nuclear">on May 9</a> that also included the South Korean leader Moon Jae In, the three Asian powers agreed to cooperate in seeking the denuclearization of the Korean peninsula. They also voiced support for trilateral free trade.  </p> <p>The meetings are seen as an attempt on the part of China to improve relations in its immediate neighborhood and manage any backlash to its more assertive foreign policy. <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-china-india/chinas-xi-indias-modi-seek-new-relationship-after-summit-idUSKBN1HZ019?il=0">Last month</a>, a summit between Chinese president Xi Jinping and Indian premier Narendra Modi in Wuhan was also billed as a move to improve neighborhood relations and address concerns about the BRI.   </p></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--chine-update-article paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field--name-field-left-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p><strong>News in brief</strong></p></div> <div class="field field--name-field-two-column-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><ul><li> <p lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE"><a href="https://edition.cnn.com/2018/05/12/asia/china-aircraft-carrier-trial-intl/index.html">Trial run: China's first domestically built aircraft carrier sets sail</a> </p> </li> <li> <p lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE"><a href="http://dominican%20republic%20establishes%20diplomatic%20relations%20with%20china:%20Number%20of%20countries%20that%20recognize%20Taiwan%20drops%20to%2019/">Closer ties: Dominican Republic establishes diplomatic relations with China</a> </p> </li> <li> <p lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE"><a href="https://www.cnbc.com/2018/05/10/malaysia-election-may-hit-china-belt-and-road-infrastructure-projects.html">Uncertain future: Malaysian elections may hit BRI projects</a> </p> </li> </ul></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--china-update-section paragraph--view-mode--default"> <h2 id="politics-society-and-media" style="background-color: #E35B27;"><div class="container">Politics, Society and media</div></h2> <div class="field field--name-field-chine-update-article field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--chine-update-article paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field--name-field-heading field--type-string-long field--label-hidden field--item">Van drivers and crane operators protest over pay and working conditions </div> <div class="field field--name-field-two-column-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Logistics and the construction sector saw an upsurge in labor disputes in recent weeks. Van drivers working for the Hong Kong-based logistics company Lalamove staged protests in at least five cities over pay cuts that were announced without warning. The largest protest was reported on May 6 in the southern city of Shenzhen where a row of at least 50 vans carrying banners moved slowly down an avenue. <a href="http://www.clb.org.hk/content/van-drivers-across-china-go-strike-protesting-lalamove-pay-cuts">Similar protests</a> took place in Changsha, Chengdu, Kunming and Xi’an in the last few weeks. </p> <p>Crane operators also staged <a href="https://chinachange.org/2018/05/07/the-significance-of-crane-operators-across-china-going-on-strike/">strikes and protests</a> across China demanding better pay and working conditions. <a href="http://www.clb.org.hk/content/tower-crane-operators-across-china-organise-labour-day-strike-over-low-pay">China Labour Bulletin,</a> a Hong Kong-based NGO, recorded at least a dozen such strikes and protests since 25 April, including incidents in Sichuan, Gansu, Henan, Fujian, Hunan, Jiangsu, Guizhou, Jiangxi, Hubei and Guangxi. Some media described the strikes as the biggest sectoral labor protests in recent years. </p> <p>The workers organized their protests online via closed groups on instant messaging apps like QQ and WeChat to discuss strategies and make announcements. </p> <p>The logistics sector and the construction industry employ many low-skilled migrant workers. Working conditions are often harsh and pay is low. Contracts and social security contributions can be scant. Digitalization, especially in logistics, puts van drivers under further pressure through apps that monitor delivery times and routes. </p></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--chine-update-article paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field--name-field-heading field--type-string-long field--label-hidden field--item">Xi Jinping calls for better coordination between central and local institutions </div> <div class="field field--name-field-two-column-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Chinese president and party leader Xi Jinping has called on central and local government institutions to better coordinate their activities. Xi made the remarks on May 11 in Beijing when presiding over the second meeting of the central committee for deepening overall reform.  </p> <p><a href="http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2018-05/12/c_137172840.htm">Xinhua news agency</a> reported that institutions at the provincial or lower levels would be granted greater autonomy but must uphold the central and unified leadership of the Communist Party (CCP). </p> <p>The meeting approved <a href="http://www.xinhuanet.com/politics/xxjxs/2018-05/13/c_1122825599.htm">ten official documents</a> on areas ranging from reform of local institutions to state-owned enterprises to pension provisions and health care.  </p> <p>The central committee for deepening overall reform was set up in <a href="http://www.xinhuanet.com/politics/2018-03/21/c_1122570517.htm">March 2018</a>. It had started as an advisory small leading group (领导小组) in 2013. Its transformation into a committee is part of the CCP’s efforts to extend its control over state institutions. </p> <p>Strengthening the central role of the CCP has greatly increased the party’s influence in recent years. However, this was often achieved at the expense of local innovation and experimentation. </p> <p><strong>Mareike Ohlberg</strong>, Research Associate at MERICS: </p> <p>“The CCP cannot rely on its central authority and leadership alone to implement reforms. The party needs strong provincial and local institutions that are familiar with local conditions and can implement reforms accordingly.”  </p></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--chine-update-article paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field--name-field-heading field--type-string-long field--label-hidden field--item">Sino-German media dialogue: Some connections, many differences </div> <div class="field field--name-field-two-column-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>The Sino-German media dialogue is meant to bring journalists from China and Germany together to discuss common concerns and maybe find common ground. This year’s topic was carefully chosen: Social media and globalization. Roughly 40 media representatives from China and Germany met on May 7 in Berlin. But while some connections were found, fundamental differences remained. </p> <p>The different approaches to media and journalism were obvious from the outset. Andreas Michaelis of the German Foreign Ministry stressed media freedom and freedom of expression as “fundamental pillars” of Germany’s political order and society. For the Chinese side, Guo Weimin, vice minister at the State Council Information Office, stressed that media of both countries should work towards strengthening the Sino-German strategic partnership and promote economic globalization. </p> <p>The Chinese participants were mainly CCP cadres and representative from state media outlets. Among the German participants were many journalists from a more diverse background – from public broadcaster ARD, Reuters news agency, the economic daily Handelsblatt, the weekly “Die Zeit”, and others. </p> <p>The discussions often centered on the role of the media in society and there was little common ground to be found. But in the age of social media, journalists in both countries also face new challenges such as fake news. Yet what exactly is fake? And what to do about fake news? Opinions differed on how to deal with the problem. Under Chinese regulations even posting vaguely defined “rumors” is prohibited and can carry hefty prison sentences. </p> <p>The Sino-German media dialogue started in 2011 and almost always led to difficult, sometimes acrimonious discussions. Against this backdrop, some participants viewed this year’s exchange with cautious optimism and commented positively on the relatively open atmosphere – despite the many opposing views and fundamental differences.  </p> <p class="infobox_hell">MERICS-Analysis: <a href="https://www.merics.org/en/blog/german-chinese-media-dialogue-some-connections-amid-fundamental-differences">German-Chinese media dialogue: some connections amid fundamental differences</a>. Blogpost by Didi Kirsten Tatlow, MERICS Visiting Fellow and one of the moderators at this year’s media dialogue.</p></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--chine-update-article paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field--name-field-heading field--type-string-long field--label-hidden field--item">What do Germans know about China? </div> <div class="field field--name-field-two-column-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>China has become an important partner for business, politics and science, but what do Germans know about the People’s Republic? Education experts met on May 7 with officials from the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), the German foreign ministry (AA) and the Standing Conference of the Ministers of Education and Cultural Affairs of the Länder (KMK). They and representatives from schools, universities and research institutions discussed ways to advance the teaching of Mandarin in Germany and general knowledge about China. </p> <p>MERICS presented an analysis of German competencies on China at the conference. The study, “China kennen, China können,” which was commissioned by the education ministry, is based on more than 50 interviews with politicians, business representatives and other stakeholders who regularly deal with China. The researchers also collected data on China Studies at German universities and China as part of school curricula.  </p> <p>The researchers concluded that more schools and universities offer either exchange programs or cooperate with Chinese schools and universities than in the past. However, many Germans still have a rather clichéd view of China. In comparison with other European countries, fewer German pupils learn Mandarin and the number of students who chose China Studies at university is not going up despite demand for graduates with China expertise.   </p> <p>While several conference participants shared positive experiences of their exchanges with China, it also became clear why young people sometimes have little interest in China: air pollution, internet censorship and the grip of the Communist Party on all aspects of society puts them off.   </p> <p>The education and the foreign ministry and the KMK representatives said they would draw up joint measures to increase China competencies in Germany. </p> <p class="infobox_hell">Merics Analysis: <a href="https://www.merics.org/en/blog/europe-needs-mandarin-excellence-strategy">Europe needs a Mandarin excellence strategy</a>. Blogpost by Andrea Frenzel, co-author of the MERICS study calls for a European excellence strategy for Mandarin. </p></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--chine-update-article paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field--name-field-left-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p><strong>News in brief</strong></p></div> <div class="field field--name-field-two-column-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><ul><li> <p lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE"><a href="https://www.hongkongfp.com/2018/05/13/diplomats-barred-seeing-liu-xia-widow-china-dissident-liu-xiaobo-sources/">Barred: Western diplomats not allowed to visit Liu Xia</a> </p> </li> <li> <p lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE"><a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2018/05/15/u-s-retailer-gap-apologizes-to-china-over-map-on-t-shirt-that-omits-taiwan-south-china-sea/?noredirect=on&amp;utm_term=.b23619b0140a">Omitted: Gap apologizes for t-shirt with China map without Taiwan </a> </p> </li> <li> <p lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE"><a href="https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2018/05/08/609327189/sun-zhengcai-once-a-rising-star-in-china-gets-life-sentence-on-bribery-charges">Sentenced: Sun Zengcai, once a rising star in China, gets life sentence for bribery</a> </p> </li> <li> <p lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE"><a href="http://www.scmp.com/tech/china-tech/article/2144396/china-looks-school-kids-win-global-ai-race">Published: Chinese highschool students get textbooks about artificial intelligence </a></p> </li> </ul></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--china-update-section paragraph--view-mode--default"> <h2 id="economy-finance-and-technology" style="background-color: #E35B27;"><div class="container">Economy, Finance and Technology</div></h2> <div class="field field--name-field-chine-update-article field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--chine-update-article paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field--name-field-heading field--type-string-long field--label-hidden field--item">Foreign banks welcome PBOC’s steps to financial opening</div> <div class="field field--name-field-two-column-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Foreign banks have welcomed moves by China’s central bank, the PBOC, to gradually remove restrictions on securities companies. Several banks said they are now going to increase their stakes in Chinese brokerage joint ventures.  </p> <p>In late April, PBOC governor Yi Gang<a href="http://www.pbc.gov.cn/english/130721/3517991/index.html"> announced</a> at the Bo’ao Forum that foreign banks will be allowed to increase their stakes in brokerage companies to 51 per cent. He said the cap would be entirely removed within three years. </p> <p>JPMorgan Chase said it plans to take a majority in its joint venture with China International Fund Management. UBS and Nomura have also applied to get majority stakes in their respective joint ventures. HSBC was allowed to take a majority stake last year under special rules for Hong Kong-funded institutions. </p> <p>China is under pressure, <a href="http://www.scmp.com/news/china/economy/article/2141188/quota-hong-kong-china-stock-schemes-quadrupled">particularly from the US</a>, to open its financial markets. The government in Beijing has promised reforms for a long time but has been slow in taking action. </p> <p>Securities joint ventures are still fairly small in China. Consequently, it might take a while before foreign banks take on a more prominent role in the domestic market. It is likely that the government held back on relaxing the joint-venture rules to protect domestic banks from international competition.</p></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--chine-update-article paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field--name-field-heading field--type-string-long field--label-hidden field--item">State Council promises to cut red tape for new businesses </div> <div class="field field--name-field-two-column-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE">Starting a business in China could soon become easier for both domestic and foreign-invested companies. The State Council, China’s cabinet, published new regulations on <a href="http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2018-05/02/c_137151807.htm">May 2</a> aimed at simplifying and speeding up the process of starting new domestic businesses. On May 16, the State Council <a href="http://english.gov.cn/premier/news/2018/05/16/content_281476149589926.htm?mc_cid=c5f6185f21&amp;mc_eid=509661d30c">announced</a> that from June 30 foreign-invested businesses will be able to register on a central website by filling out just one form. This should shorten the registration period and make it easier to start business operations.  </p> <p lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE">According to statistics from the Ministry of Commerce, 35,000 new foreign-invested companies were founded in China in 2017 alone. That is an increase of 27.8 percent in comparison with 2016. Foreign investment in China rose by 7.9 percent and reached 877.7 billion CNY (about 117 billion EUR). </p> <p lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE">Under the new regulations for domestic companies, registering a new business should take 8.5 days, less than half the current average of 20 working days. After a trial phase in selected cities, the new measures will be rolled out nation-wide in the first half of 2019.  </p> <p lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE">Last month, the <a href="http://english.gov.cn/premier/news/2018/04/25/content_281476124012082.htm">State Council had already </a>promised a series of tax cuts worth more than 60 billion CNY to support innovative small and micro-sized enterprises. </p> <p lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE">The measures are meant to create a positive business environment and show that the government recognizes the role of small enterprises and start-ups in the push towards a more innovation-driven economic growth model.  </p></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--chine-update-article paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field--name-field-left-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p><strong>News in brief</strong></p></div> <div class="field field--name-field-two-column-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><ul><li> <p lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE"><a href="http://www.scmp.com/print/business/companies/article/2146097/teslas-shanghai-subsidiary-takes-it-step-closer-making-cars-china">E-mobility: Tesla opens R&amp;D center in Shanghai</a> </p> </li> <li> <p lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE"><a href="https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-05-15/china-s-april-economic-data-show-mixed-bag-as-industry-holds-up?">Economic data: April figures show mixed bag as industry holds up</a> </p> </li> <li> <p lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE"><a href="http://www.scmp.com/property/hong-kong-china/article/2146042/hainan-opens-channel-home-ownership-new-workers">Home ownership: Hainan loosens restrictions to attract top-level talent</a> </p> </li> <li> <p lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE" xml:lang="DE-DE"><a href="http://www.scmp.com/business/companies/article/2144422/xiaomi-applies-raise-funds-hong-kong-giving-city-pole-position">IT industry: Xiaomi applies to raise funds in Hong Kong IPO</a>  </p> </li> </ul></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--china-update-section paragraph--view-mode--default"> <h2 id="the-european-view" style="background-color: #FBBA00;"><div class="container">The European View</div></h2> <div class="field field--name-field-chine-update-article field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--chine-update-article paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field--name-field-heading field--type-string-long field--label-hidden field--item">United Kingdom and Chinese internet giant Tencent team up for cultural cooperation </div> <div class="field field--name-field-two-column-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>The UK Department of International Trade (DIT) and the Chinese internet giant Tencent have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on broad cultural and research cooperation. While substance and scope of the agreement remain vague, some elements of the deal <a href="http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2018-05/10/c_137167524.htm">have been publicized</a>, including a plan to share content with the BBC, cooperation on research and online gaming with Oxford University as well as possible projects with the British Tourist Authority and the British Fashion Council. </p> <p>Britain’s Secretary of State for International Trade Liam Fox and Tencent Senior Executive Vice President Seng Yee Lau announced the deal at an event in London on May 9. Fox said at the ceremony the next few years offered “a golden opportunity for the UK to work with companies such as Tencent to drive innovation and shape the future of global trade.” Lau told Reuters news agency the trade deal gave Tencent a “landing pad” into Europe and could lead to further commercial and investment prospects in time.  </p> <p>The internet giant has cooperated with UK institutions in the past. The company worked with the BBC to produce Blue Planet II, a nature documentary that was extremely popular not only in the UK and China but also worldwide. Tencent also signed an MOU with the Royal Opera House in London in late 2017 to collaborate on live-stream technology and intellectual property. </p> <p>Tencent is China’s <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-tencent-holdings-britain/chinas-tencent-signs-broad-cultural-deal-with-britain-idUSKBN1IA0RG">second most valuable company</a>. Its billion user-strong WeChat messaging app sits at the heart of China’s booming internet economy. Yet concerns have been raised about Tencent’s protection of user data and its close collaboration with the Chinese government. </p></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> Wed, 16 May 2018 09:42:58 +0000 komprakti 7006 at https://www.merics.org Chinas Marsch nach Westen: Aufstieg in Zentralasien und Afghanistan https://www.merics.org/de/node/7001 <span>Chinas Marsch nach Westen: Aufstieg in Zentralasien und Afghanistan</span> <span><span lang="" about="/en/user/306" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">komprakti</span></span> <span>Wed, 05/16/2018 - 10:06</span> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field--name-field-published field--type-datetime field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Date published</div> <div class="field--item"><time datetime="2018-05-16T12:00:00Z">Wed, 05/16/2018 - 12:00</time> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-media-reference-link field--type-link field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Media reference link</div> <div class="field--item"><a href="https://www.baks.bund.de/sites/baks010/files/arbeitspapier_sicherheitspolitik_2018_13.pdf">https://www.baks.bund.de/sites/baks010/files/arbeitspapier_sicherheitspolitik_2…</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-medium-name field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Medium Name</div> <div class="field--item">Arbeitspapier Sicherheitspolitik</div> </div> </div> </div> Wed, 16 May 2018 08:06:52 +0000 komprakti 7001 at https://www.merics.org Facing up to China's state-led tech revolution https://www.merics.org/en/blog/facing-chinas-state-led-tech-revolution <span>Facing up to China&#039;s state-led tech revolution</span> <span><span lang="" about="/en/user/301" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">smuscat</span></span> <span>Wed, 05/09/2018 - 13:27</span> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field--name-field-blog-date field--type-datetime field--label-hidden field--item"><time datetime="2018-05-15T12:00:00Z">15/05/18</time> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-announcement-text field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p><strong>The success of authoritarian innovation in China challenges liberal market theories. Technological innovation is no longer just driven by Silicon Valley-style capitalism, but also by technocrats in Beijing. China is proving to be a "red swan," as unforeseen as a "black swan" event. Its techno authoritarianism appears well suited for dealing with many megachallenges of the 21st century.</strong></p></div> <div class="field field--name-field-main-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img srcset="/sites/default/files/styles/max_325x325/public/2018-05/180515_Tencent_Logo_pbu763876_03.jpg?itok=ysOB8WM3 325w, /sites/default/files/styles/max_650x650/public/2018-05/180515_Tencent_Logo_pbu763876_03.jpg?itok=IhTmyiUA 650w, /sites/default/files/styles/max_1300x1300/public/2018-05/180515_Tencent_Logo_pbu763876_03.jpg?itok=mrGuHKPx 1300w, /sites/default/files/styles/max_2600x2600/public/2018-05/180515_Tencent_Logo_pbu763876_03.jpg?itok=-z-lcd1C 2600w" sizes="(min-width: 1290px) 1290px, 100vw" src="/sites/default/files/styles/max_325x325/public/2018-05/180515_Tencent_Logo_pbu763876_03.jpg?itok=ysOB8WM3" alt="Tencent Logo" title="Image by ImagineChina" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>At first glance, leading Chinese internet players like Baidu, Tencent Holdings and Didi Chuxing can look like copies of established US counterparts like Google or Uber. But there is a crucial difference.</p> <p>The American companies are products of Silicon Valley's cut-and-thrust markets, one of the planet's purest forms of capitalism. By contrast, while the Chinese companies are all privately owned, their rapid growth at home and abroad owes much to the firm hand of the Chinese state.</p> <p>Indeed, we will have to get used to associating tech innovation not just with spontaneous bursts of creativity and injections of private capital, but also with technocrats in Beijing drafting long-term technological development plans.</p> <p>It was meant as a wake-up call when former Google CEO Eric Schmidt recently predicted that China could overtake the U.S. in the field of artificial intelligence within a decade. Chinese telecom equipment maker Huawei Technologies is about to roll out 5G mobile broadband networks around the globe. And e-mobility solutions from China's leading internet players were the center of attention at this year's Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas.</p> <p><strong>Can creativity develop under authoritarian rule?</strong></p> <p>While the internet itself and many other technologies we take for granted now have their roots in the U.S. defense and space programs, we have come to think of creativity and entrepreneurship as linked to open societies and markets. Innovation and authoritarian rule do not seem like a natural pairing. The Soviet Union may have taken the early lead in the space race in the late 1950s and early 1960s but with limited impact on economic or social development.</p> <p>China censors the internet, intervenes frequently with market mechanisms and demands that even private companies pledge ideological loyalty. Two years ago, many China watchers were embracing the view that authoritarian tightening under President Xi Jinping was producing a dangerous retrenchment that might stifle the country's innovative potential and ultimately undermine its economic success.</p> <p>Once again, China is challenging us to rethink our assumptions. After the fall of the Soviet Union, many felt the trend toward the political and economic triumph of free-market democracies was irresistible, based partly on advantages in technology development. But China is proving to be a "red swan," as unforeseen as the "black swan" events much discussed over the past decade.</p> <p>Unlike its former counterparts in Eastern Europe, the Chinese Communist Party has managed to maintain its grip on power while leaving room for policy experimentation at the local level, from market liberalization to administrative modernization and technological innovation. The leadership has allowed bottom-up initiatives to inform central policies, leading to a boost in productivity.</p> <p><strong>Change of economic model requires indigenous innovation</strong></p> <p>Maintaining this delicate balance seemed possible as long as growth rates kept rising. But China is reaching the limits of the quantitative growth and poverty-alleviation benefits that can be generated from a manufacturing-based economy. The shift to qualitative growth and a higher-value adding economy requires indigenous innovation.</p> <p>The conventional wisdom suggests that the constraints of China's system -- from a rigid education system to the lack of the rule of law -- bode ill for this next transformation. But in 2018, China's leaders are no more willing than in 1978 to act according to Western textbooks on economic or political theory. Rather than relaxing control, Xi has re-centralized power and reinforced the Communist Party's grip over the economy and society.</p> <p>So far at least, Xi's hands-on approach has not seemed to stand in the way of China's ambitious agenda for industrial upgrading and technological innovation. On the contrary, as it turns out, the discipline and obedience of its Leninist "democratic centralism" are a tight fit with many of the internet-driven technologies that Chinese companies have developed over the past few years with generous state support.</p> <p>Red Swan China now seems better positioned than liberal democracies to deal with the mega-challenges of the 21st century, from climate solutions to smart city management. Many big data-based technologies that are being pioneered in China these days -- from intelligent traffic management to online payment systems -- serve the purposes of enhanced surveillance. The most prominent example is the "social credit system," which rates the trustworthiness of citizens, companies and institutions based on their compliance with economic and social rules, with consequences on everything from loan approvals to access to flights and trains.</p> <p><strong>China's technological solutions could become an export hit</strong></p> <p>At the same time, these new tools are attractive not just for authoritarian regimes. The underlying technologies of China's new techno-authoritarianism are exportable and applicable around the world as they address many worries of our age, from mounting security threats to urbanization and environmental pressures.</p> <p>At a time when public trust in free markets and democratically elected politicians is on the decline even in Western societies, the technological solutions offered by Chinese companies and financiers for addressing concrete social and economic problems appear appealing, especially in developing and emerging countries.</p> <p>In 2018, just as in 1978, the secret of China's success lies in the combination of long-term priorities and flexible implementation. The difference is that Deng Xiaoping's approach then was experimental and allowed ground-up innovation and thinking outside the box, whereas Xi's focus is purely instrumental: The leadership is striving to concentrate its full energy on optimizing what it is putting inside the box.</p> <p>In the age of big data and artificial intelligence, a political economy in which the government, IT companies, financiers and consumers jointly push for, or passively facilitate, unrestrained and centralized data collection and processing may turn out to have a systemic advantage. Top-led policy implementation boosted by large-scale data processing could have an edge in economic competition with decentralized and fragmented democratic rule-of-law systems with their privacy, transparency and competition concerns in the transition toward a digital civilization.</p> <p>As liberal democracies around the world struggle with political and social crises, Beijing has decided what it wants China to be: a high-tech superpower that emphasizes hierarchy and discipline over the perceived chaos of free markets and societies. If liberal political and economic systems do not find a way to reinvigorate their problem-solving capacities, social cohesion, and international credibility and appeal, they could find themselves on the losing end of economic, technological and eventually global systemic competition with China.</p> <p><strong>This blogpost is based on the book, <a href="https://www.merics.org/en/publications/red-swan">"Red Swan: How unorthodox policy making facilitated China's rise," </a>by Sebastian Heilmann, published by the The Chinese University Press in January 2018.</strong></p> <p><strong>The article was first published by <a href="https://asia.nikkei.com/Opinion/Facing-up-to-China-s-state-led-tech-revolution2">Nikkei Asian Review on May 2, 2018</a>.</strong></p> <p> </p></div> <div class="field field--name-field-authors field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"> <article role="article" about="/en/team/sebastian-heilmann" class="team is-promoted is-sticky tile-view clearfix darktile"> <a href="/en/team/sebastian-heilmann" rel="bookmark"> <div class="tile-view-wrapper" style="background-color: ;background: url(/sites/default/files/2017-07/Sebastian_Heilmann.jpg) no-repeat;background-size: cover;"> <h3> <span>Sebastian Heilmann</span> </h3> <div class="content"> <div class="field field--field-position">President</div> </div> </div> </a> </article> </div> </div> </div> </div> Wed, 09 May 2018 11:27:35 +0000 smuscat 6971 at https://www.merics.org For China, the risk of a second wave of capital flight is now severe https://www.merics.org/en/merics-in-the-media/china-risk-second-wave-capital-flight-now-severe <span>For China, the risk of a second wave of capital flight is now severe</span> <span><span lang="" about="/en/user/306" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">komprakti</span></span> <span>Mon, 05/14/2018 - 10:48</span> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field--name-field-published field--type-datetime field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Date published</div> <div class="field--item"><time datetime="2018-05-11T12:00:00Z">Fri, 05/11/2018 - 12:00</time> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-media-reference-link field--type-link field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Media reference link</div> <div class="field--item"><a href="https://chinaeconomicreview.com/for-china-the-risk-of-a-second-wave-of-capital-flight-is-now-severe/">https://chinaeconomicreview.com/for-china-the-risk-of-a-second-wave-of-capital-…</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-medium-name field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Medium Name</div> <div class="field--item">China Economic Review</div> </div> </div> </div> Mon, 14 May 2018 08:48:15 +0000 komprakti 6996 at https://www.merics.org For China, the risk of a second wave of capital flight is now severe https://www.merics.org/en/merics-in-the-media/china-risk-second-wave-capital-flight-now-severe <span>For China, the risk of a second wave of capital flight is now severe</span> <span><span lang="" about="/en/user/306" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">komprakti</span></span> <span>Mon, 05/14/2018 - 10:48</span> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field--name-field-published field--type-datetime field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Date published</div> <div class="field--item"><time datetime="2018-05-11T12:00:00Z">Fri, 05/11/2018 - 12:00</time> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-media-reference-link field--type-link field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Media reference link</div> <div class="field--item"><a href="https://chinaeconomicreview.com/for-china-the-risk-of-a-second-wave-of-capital-flight-is-now-severe/">https://chinaeconomicreview.com/for-china-the-risk-of-a-second-wave-of-capital-…</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-medium-name field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Medium Name</div> <div class="field--item">China Economic Review</div> </div> </div> </div> Mon, 14 May 2018 08:48:15 +0000 komprakti 6996 at https://www.merics.org Chinas KP: Marxisten an der Macht https://www.merics.org/de/node/6991 <span>Chinas KP: Marxisten an der Macht</span> <span><span lang="" about="/en/user/306" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">komprakti</span></span> <span>Mon, 05/14/2018 - 10:40</span> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--content"> <div class="field field--name-field-published field--type-datetime field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Date published</div> <div class="field--item"><time datetime="2018-05-13T12:00:00Z">Sun, 05/13/2018 - 12:00</time> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-media-reference-link field--type-link field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Media reference link</div> <div class="field--item"><a href="https://www.zeit.de/politik/ausland/2018-05/kommunistische-partei-chinas-digitalisierung-ueberwachung">https://www.zeit.de/politik/ausland/2018-05/kommunistische-partei-chinas-digita…</a></div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-medium-name field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Medium Name</div> <div class="field--item">Zeit Online</div> </div> </div> </div> Mon, 14 May 2018 08:40:24 +0000 komprakti 6991 at https://www.merics.org Jessica Batke: Small NGOs particularly vulnerable under new NGO law https://www.merics.org/en/podcast/jessica-batke-small-ngos-particularly-vulnerable-under-new-ngo-law <span>Jessica Batke: Small NGOs particularly vulnerable under new NGO law </span> <span><span lang="" about="/en/user/646" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">jheller</span></span> <span>Fri, 05/11/2018 - 13:39</span> <div class="layout layout--twocol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--top"> </div> <div class="layout__region layout__region--first"> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>May 11, 2018</p> <p><span><span><span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>When China’s law on non-governmental organizations went into effect in early 2017, observers worried that many international NGOs would pull out as a result. Almost 18 months on, the picture is mixed as Jessica Batke of ChinaFile has found out. As part of ChinaFile’s NGO Project, she tracks the experiences with the new law and says some 350 groups have managed to register with the authorities. None is known to have pulled out so far. Yet, this could change in 2018. Small NGOs find it particularly difficult to comply with the new regulations, and some groups face more difficulties then others. MERICS Director of Communications Claudia Wessling talks to Jessica Batke in the new MERICS Experts Podcast. </span></span></span></span></span></p> <p>You can finde the China NGO Project under <a href="http://www.chinafile.com/ngo">www.chinafile.com/ngo</a>.</p></div> </div> <div class="layout__region layout__region--second"> <div class="field field--name-field-podca field--type-file field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"><div class="audiofield"> <audio preload="auto" controls controlsList="nodownload" > <source src="https://www.merics.org/sites/default/files/2018-05/Merics%20Experts%2054%20-%20Jessica%20Batke.MP3" type="audio/mpeg"> Your browser does not support the audio element. </audio> <label>Merics Experts 54 - Jessica Batke.MP3</label> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="layout__region layout__region--bottom"> </div> </div> Fri, 11 May 2018 11:39:07 +0000 jheller 6986 at https://www.merics.org Jessica Batke: Small NGOs particularly vulnerable under new NGO law https://www.merics.org/en/podcast/jessica-batke-small-ngos-particularly-vulnerable-under-new-ngo-law <span>Jessica Batke: Small NGOs particularly vulnerable under new NGO law </span> <span><span lang="" about="/en/user/646" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">jheller</span></span> <span>Fri, 05/11/2018 - 13:39</span> <div class="layout layout--twocol"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--top"> </div> <div class="layout__region layout__region--first"> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>May 11, 2018</p> <p><span><span><span><span lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US"><span>When China’s law on non-governmental organizations went into effect in early 2017, observers worried that many international NGOs would pull out as a result. Almost 18 months on, the picture is mixed as Jessica Batke of ChinaFile has found out. As part of ChinaFile’s NGO Project, she tracks the experiences with the new law and says some 350 groups have managed to register with the authorities. None is known to have pulled out so far. Yet, this could change in 2018. Small NGOs find it particularly difficult to comply with the new regulations, and some groups face more difficulties then others. MERICS Director of Communications Claudia Wessling talks to Jessica Batke in the new MERICS Experts Podcast. </span></span></span></span></span></p> <p>You can finde the China NGO Project under <a href="http://www.chinafile.com/ngo">www.chinafile.com/ngo</a>.</p></div> </div> <div class="layout__region layout__region--second"> <div class="field field--name-field-podca field--type-file field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"><div class="audiofield"> <audio preload="auto" controls controlsList="nodownload" > <source src="https://www.merics.org/sites/default/files/2018-05/Merics%20Experts%2054%20-%20Jessica%20Batke.MP3" type="audio/mpeg"> Your browser does not support the audio element. </audio> <label>Merics Experts 54 - Jessica Batke.MP3</label> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="layout__region layout__region--bottom"> </div> </div> Fri, 11 May 2018 11:39:07 +0000 jheller 6986 at https://www.merics.org