These reservations appear to be influencing long-upbeat views on EU-China economic relations. Those we surveyed expect ties to deteriorate in many fields: 81% of respondents cite conditions for EU citizens working in China, 77% science and technology cooperation, 55% EU investments into China, 46% EU exports to China, 40% Chinese investments into the EU. Then again, Chinese exports to the EU will rise slightly, according to 40% of participants.
Notably, a vast majority of respondents supports EU policy measures to diversify away from China, strengthen inbound-investment screening, increase export controls on key technologies, and place restrictions on science and tech cooperation. Those surveyed consider the EU' top-three challenges to be maintaining EU unity on China, dealing with China’s position on the war in Ukraine, and managing US pressure to align against China.