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MERICS-Analysen zum Anhören: Das bietet der Podcast von MERICS. Wissenschaftler des MERICS besprechen und analysieren Entwicklungen und Ereignisse in China. Wie ist Chinas Haltung bei den internationalen Klimaverhandlungen einzuordnen? Wie macht sich die chinesische Regierung soziale Medien zunutze? In welchem Zustand befindet sich das politische System der Volksrepublik? In den Interviews geht es um aktuelle Themen aus Politik, Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft der Volksrepublik. Auch andere China-Experten sind regelmäßig bei MERICS-Experts zu Gast.

Die Redaktion des MERICS Experts Podcasts liegt bei Ruth Kirchner.

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You Ji: China will sich als große Militärmacht etablieren

26. Juli 2016

Xi Jinping hat die Reform des Militärs dazu genutzt, seine Kontrolle über die Volksbefreiungsarmee zu stärken. Er nutzte persönliche Verbindungen, die teilweise bis in seine Kindheit zurückreichen, um zentrale Positionen im Militär zu besetzen, sagt Professor You Ji von der Universität Macau. Strategisch will Xi erreichen, dass China weit über seine Grenzen hinaus militärische Stärke demonstrieren, zu den USA aufschließen und sich als Großmacht etablieren kann. You Ji im neuen Merics Experts Podcast.

Victor Shih: Xi Jinping strebt nach absoluter Macht in der KP China

22. Juli 2016

Jahrelang galt in Chinas Führung das Konsensprinzip: Die Fraktionen in den höchsten Partei-Organen waren sorgfältig ausbalanciert. Unter Xi Jinping hat sich das geändert. „Xi ist seit dem Tod von Mao die Führungsfigur, die am meisten einem Diktator ähnelt“, sagt Victor Shih von der University of California, San Diego. Seine Fraktion im Zentralkomitee sei zwar eher klein, aber Xi habe sich außerhalb der Partei-Institutionen eigene Machtstrukturen geschaffen. Beim 19. Parteitag nächstes Jahr könnte er jetzt versuchen, den mächtigen Ständigen Ausschuss zu verkleinern, um so die absolute Macht in der Partei zu übernehmen. Victor Shih im neuen Merics Experts Podcast.

Barry Naughton: "Xi Jinping is not an economic thinker"

July 7, 2016

Expectations for market oriented reforms were running high after the CCP’s 3rd plenum in 2013. But three years on Barry Naughton of the University of California, San Diego, is disappointed: Reform plans have come to nothing; economic problems got worse; the centralization of power has led to paralysis among bureaucrats. Xi Jinping is “political down to his fingernails” but not an economic thinker, says Naughton: “Xi is attached to the long term objective of reform but has only the weakest of attachments to the practical measures that need to be taken to get there.” Now the leadership could read the Brexit vote as another indication that global free markets and institutions are unreliable and unattractive. That’s Barry Naughton in the new Merics Experts podcast.

Tony Saich: “As authoritarian leader I would want to learn from China”

July 1, 2016

The speed with which Xi Jinping has introduced stronger controls on society has surprised many China watchers. The Xi administration has been “extraordinarily successful” in controlling and shaping political communication especially online says Anthony Saich of Harvard Kennedy School: “If I was an authoritarian leader somewhere else in the world, I would want to learn lessons from China.” Moreover, laws constraining foreign NGOs while encouraging domestic charity work for causes close to the CCP’s priorities tend to further reduce space for association and new ideas.

Roderick MacFarquhar: China’s strong top man heads a very fragile system

June 30, 2016

Xi Jinping has centralized power in China to unprecedented levels: he has sidelined both the prime minister and the state council and is trying to control everything himself says distinguished Harvard historian Roderick MacFarquhar. Xi might have – like Mao Zedong long before him - a vision and a sense of direction for China but he lacks the authority and historic legitimacy to implement his ideas. Even worse: his leadership style weakens the entire system. That’s Roderick Macfarquhar in the new Merics Experts podcast.

China Dispute: Will Top-Down Leadership Achieve Political Stability?

June 28, 2016

Review of MERICS China Dispute “The Xi Jinping challenge: Will top-down leadership achieve political stability in China?” with Richard McGregor, Roderick MacFarquhar, Sebastian Heilmann and Anthony Saich.

Michael Fuchs: Trump's „unpredictability is not a foreign policy“

June 21, 2016

China is one of Donald Trump’s favourite punching bags. If elected to the White House, he wants to label China a “currency manipulator” and impose hefty tariffs on imports from China. Such talk makes Michael Fuchs of the Center for American Progress and a former advisor to Hillary Clinton rather uneasy. “Trump is unpredictable” he says in the new Merics Experts podcast. And he warns: “Unpredictability is not a foreign policy”. How much damage can Trump do to the complex Sino-American relationship? And is that relationship going to become more competitive no matter who enters the White House?

Arthur Kroeber: "China’s economic policies lack clarity and direction"

June 9, 2016

With the right economic policies China could continue to grow at a rate of about five per cent per year for another decade says Arthur Kroeber of Gavecal Dragonomics, an independent research firm in Beijing. But the country would have to cut SOEs by up to a half and push through financial reforms. However, Xi Jingping’s economic policies lack clarity and direction. China still depends too much on stimulus measures and credit to keep the economy going. Little change is in the offing with the 19th party congress already looming large.

Han Dongfang: Labour relations are key to reforms in China

June 6, 2016

Tensions on Chinese factory floors have been running high recently – because of non-payment of wages and because some industries have moved their investments to other parts of Asia. Labour relations are fraught and protests can potentially threaten social stability says Han Dongfang, founder of the NGO China Labour Bulletin and a former Tian’anmen activist now based in Hongkong. He is confident though that the government is looking for a long-term solution and seems willing to make collective workplace bargaining easier. In the long run, true trade union reform could be a game changer in China, says Han Dongfang.

Shawn Shieh: New NGO-Law – The door for international NGOs remains open

May 26, 2016

Many non-governmental organisations are concerned about a new Chinese law that imposes tighter controls on international non-profit groups working in China. The law is seen as an attempt to further squeeze the space of civil society. It could affect not just NGOs but also cultural exchanges and business associations. But a lot of details are still unclear, says Shawn Shieh, deputy director of China Labour Bulletin, an NGO based in Hongkong. How draconian the law is going to be depends largely on its implementation – in China that is often a rather patchy process.